Drug addiction is present in all corners of the world and is considered one of the most serious problems. In any country, there are people who want to get rid of difficulties and feel euphoria by taking special substances and drugs.
Types of drugs are a huge group of names, including the well-known heroin, cocaine, and amphetamine, as well as the names of drugs that are not so popular but cause terrible consequences for the health and life of the addict.
What are the types of drugs? It would take a lot of time to list all the known names. But among them, there are some, everyone should know about to recognize the symptoms of addiction and provide help to the patient on time.
Once you have all the information and need rehabilitation, you can start looking for regular treatment or even find free rehabs near me. In this article, we’ll also tell you how to do it.
What is a drug?
To understand what types of drugs there are, you should find out what is meant by the general name of the drugs. A drug is a substance that, when ingested, replaces one or more of the substances involved in metabolism and causes addiction. In the absence of a new drug dose, breakage occurs, which can manifest in various symptoms.
It is impossible to combine all types of drugs with the same characteristics. Substances can be presented in different forms – pills, powder, liquid, dry substance, etc. They have different external characteristics, are consumed differently, and have different effects on the body.
All types of narcotic substances can be divided into several groups according to the principle of action:
- psychedelics or hallucinogens.
Stimulants have a stimulating effect on the nervous system. A person’s blood pressure increases, heart rate increases, and a surge of energy is felt.
Depressants, on the contrary, inhibit the work of the nervous system. This group includes opiates obtained from poppy pods, as well as synthetically created analogs.
Hallucinogens help change consciousness, feelings, and perception. The drugs are also presented in both natural (mushrooms, dope) and synthetic versions (LSD).
The most famous types of drugs: list and description
Heroin is the most dangerous narcotic substance, whose birthplace is the poppy fields of Afghanistan. This drug is equal parts opioid and synthetic, originally created for a good purpose – for treatment. But the side effect of the drug turned out to be stronger than its benefits, and today it is exclusively a drug.
The effect of taking heroin is manifested in the development of a state of apathy, and detachment from the real world, which manifests itself as a kind of “high”. Self-renunciation of heroin is impossible.
Cocaine is another quite well-known drug. For the production of the substance, the leaves of the Colombian shrub Coca are used. It has the opposite effect of heroin – it improves concentration, improves attention, and causes a feeling of confidence.
Cocaine is instantly highly addictive. As a result of its influence on the body, there is a strong heartbeat, and tachycardia, and the pressure rises, which often becomes the cause of heart attacks.
Types of club drugs: barbiturates, ketamine, and ecstasy
Many drugs can be bought in nightclubs and other hangout places for young people. Most often, we are talking about barbiturates – synthetic drugs created on the basis of sedative drugs, which are used for treatment but strictly in doses determined by the doctor.
In the composition of the drug, these doses are significantly exceeded, leading to a bright hallucinogenic effect and addiction. Death is often the result of addiction to barbiturates.
There is another popular type of drug pill – ecstasy. The use of this synthetic stimulant leads to an increase in the level of adrenaline in the body, an increase in body temperature, and a person feels full of energy and does not feel tired. Ecstasy can also cause a heart attack.
Ketamine is another popular club drug. This is an anesthetic that causes very bright and strong hallucinations in case of an overdose. The consequence of taking ketamine is mental illness.
Other types of drugs
One of the analogs of heroin is methadone. It is symbolic that in the United States, methadone is used to treat heroin addiction. With uncontrolled intake, the drug is highly addictive. Crashes when taking methadone can last up to 2 weeks. An expensive analog of street methadone is buprenorphine.
For medical purposes, drugs from the group of benzodiazepines help to cope with depression, anxiety, and insomnia. When using tranquilizers as a drug, a feeling of euphoria, relaxation, and lightness appears. Dependence on benzodiazepines leads to disorders of the psyche and nervous system.
Amphetamines are drugs that increase heart rate, increase activity, and energy. A person stops feeling tired, is ready for new achievements, and works without a break. When taking a hair dryer, attention increases, and concentration improves. After the drug wears off, there is a period of apathy, fatigue, and paranoia may appear.
Cannabis is a popular “easy” solution to the problems of sadness and hopelessness. You can use it both in food and as a smoking mixture. However, cannabis is already legal in a lot of countries, and CBD is widely used as a good painkiller option.
LSD is a synthetic psychotropic substance that has a destructive effect on the perception of reality. Taking LSD is accompanied by hallucinations, loss of time, and mental disorders. LSD does not cause addiction and hangovers, but even a single use of the drug leads to very serious consequences for the body.
Solvents, glue, and paint are used by those who like to inhale toxic substances. Taking these substances causes a feeling of euphoria and loss of control over one’s own actions, which often leads to suicide and accidents.
As soon as you notice the first drug addiction symptoms, get at least a consultation at an ordinary or free drug rehab. It doesn’t necessarily mean that you’ll turn out in a rehabilitation center and stay there for months. Sometimes it’s also important to talk to specialists and find out more about how to prevent yourself from unpleasant and dangerous consequences.
In a case, you’ve already realized that rehabilitation is a must for you, but you face financial difficulties, there are a lot of ways of getting free addiction help. As the very first step, you would want to google state-funded options of free rehab centers. If you haven’t found anything suitable, try researching specific communities. For example, Christian groups have a lot of options for free drug addiction help for their members.
In the very last case, you can also find a free drug guide or tips on the Internet.