Tools Used in Building Surveying


23 October 2018

Real Estate

Building Surveying

Surveying is a construction technique and process that building contractors perform to measure distances between points and angles. Surveying is also a way of levelling construction sites before the actual construction commences. The right surveying equipment helps in guaranteeing the accuracy and efficiency of the measurements. There are several instruments and equipment that surveyors use before construction.


Surveyors use a theodolite for precisely measuring both vertical and horizontal angles for triangulation. Triangulation is the measuring of the distance and location of a certain point. A moveable telescope connected to a perpendicular axis is what comprises a theodolite. The telescope is on top of a tripod head that supports the whole instrument. There are screws for tightening and loosening the telescope. Placing the apparatus directly above the point produces a precise measurement. A laser plummet, or a plumb bob is essential in measuring a position using a theodolite.

Dumpy level:

A device that looks like a telescope perched on a tripod is what makes up a dumpy level. Surveyors use this instrument in establishing points in one flat area. A dumpy level has other uses: paired with a vertical staff, it can measure differences in height and relocate elevations. A dumpy level has three variations:

  • A tilting level is where you can move the telescope 180 degrees.
  • A digital electronic level uses electronic laser techniques to interpret a vertical staff with barcodes.
  • An auto level is easy to set up. The internal compensator mechanism can eliminate any variation.

Measuring Wheel:

A measuring wheel is a less accurate instrument for measuring distances. The wheel is rolled manually from one point to another. One turn of the wheel measures a certain distance, either a metre or a yard. A mechanical device connected to the wheel counts the revolutions and measures the range directly. The measuring wheel is the most straightforward and most uncomplicated surveying instrument, but it does not provide the same accuracy and precision that other devices offer.

Total station:

A total station is the more modern version of a theodolite. A total station has an electronic distance meter. Another essential component of a total station is a microprocessor unit. This component gathers data to establish the following:

  • The three coordinates of the measured points.
  • The elevation of elements.
  • The average of various measured angles.
  • The distance on a horizontal plane.
  • The proportion of different measured distances.
  • The range of two points.

You can download the following data that is gathered by the total station to process using computer-aided design (CAD), geographic information system (GIS) or building information modelling. The best thing about a total station is that it can produce precise and accurate measurements.

If you are planning to build an establishment for business or a home, you can seek the help of building surveyors in Leicester which has several companies that you can go to for this purpose. These surveying companies possess all the necessary tools for the job. Do not bypass the surveying part of construction as doing so may result in problems in the long run.

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Rental Property

Blunders to Avoid When Preparing to Purchase Your First Rental Property

When looking at how much passive income some rental property owners are able to generate on a monthly basis, it’s only natural that you’d want a piece of the pie.However, while rental property ownership can be extremely lucrative, it can also prove highly stressful and financially draining if gone about in the wrong manner.As such, many inexperienced first-time investors wind up making a plethora of ill-advised blunders when seeking out their first rental properties. List Of Prime Blunders One May Make While Purchasing First Rental Property 1. Purchasing Properties You Haven’t Seen Frankly, it should come as no surprise that purchasing a rental property sight unseen is a bad idea for a multitude of reasons.Sure, the seller can send you photos, but in the absence of an actual walkthrough – or, at the very least, a virtual walkthrough – you really don’t have any idea what you’re getting.So, no matter how amazing a deal the seller presents you with, you’d do well to avoid investing in a rental property you or a trusted proxy haven’t had the opportunity to personally tour. 2. Purchasing Properties That Haven’t Undergone a Proper InspectionIn addition to avoiding properties that you haven’t seen in person, you should abstain from purchasing any property until a proper inspection has been conducted by a building inspector or home inspector.Even if all appears to be well, certain issues can escape the gaze of nonprofessionals. Additionally, depending on the scope of these issues, you may find yourself regretting a seemingly solid purchase.Seasoned inspectors are able to pinpoint and diagnose a sizable assortment of issues, including structural damage, electrical concerns, and plumbing problems.A thorough inspection will help ensure that you have all the information you need to make an educated, informed decision. As an added bonus, the results of an inspection can put you in a good bargaining position. If an inspection unearths issues that both you and the seller were unaware of, you may be able to request a reduction in price. 3. Purchasing Fixer-Uppers To be clear, many of the rental properties you look at are going to require small to moderate repairs and/or renovations. In fact, in many cases, sellers will be willing to deduct the cost of repairs/renovations from the final price. However, there’s a stark difference between a property that requires a normal amount of work and a fixer-upper.Of course, this isn’t to say that a fixer-upper can’t be a worthwhile investment. Depending on the area in which it’s located, a fixer-upper may ultimately make you quite a bit of money. Still, experienced property owners often recommend that first-time investors abstain from purchasing fixer-uppers – and for good reason.If your experience with repairs, renovations, contractors or budgeting is lacking, choosing a fixer-upper as your first rental property is practically guaranteed to be a disaster. The whole experience is very likely to cost you more than it stands to make you, deplete your finances and cause you immense frustration.Once you have more property investment experience under your belt, acquiring a fixer-upper is liable to prove considerably less stressful. However, in the interest of helping your freshman foray into property ownership go as smoothly as possible, don’t even consider making one your first purchase. 4. Failing to Consult ExpertsAll fledgling rental property owners stand to benefit from the guidance of seasoned investors. So, if you have any friends, family members, coworkers, or acquaintances who have experience owning and/or operating rental properties, take care to seek their advice throughout the course of your first property acquisition.Additionally, both first-timers and seasoned investors can profit handsomely from doing business with a good real estate investment company.Rental property ownership is arguably the ultimate method of generating passive income. Making a small fortune from various investments on a monthly basis is a prospect that’s simply too good for many aspiring landlords to pass up. Still, approaching rental property owners in the wrong manner can prove ruinous to both your mental health and finances.That being the case, if you’re currently shopping around for your first property, there are a number of mistakes you should actively work to avoid. By steering clear of the blunders discussed above, you can set the stage for long-term success in the rental property game.Read Also:How to Protect Your Property as a First Time Landlord? Is Property Investment Still a Good Way to Make Money? 5 Best Things To Know Before Renting A Property In Kings Cross What To Look For When Renting A Property In St Albans: Checklist & Advice

Austin real estate

Love Running In The Morning? Check Out These Austin Real Estate Neighborhoods Near Outdoor Parts

Austin real estate is a beautiful area to build your home and ensure that you have an excellent quality of life and can have plenty of locations where you can run, jog, and see nature at its core. It is a city that is abundant with nature preserves, rivers, and parks that make this an excellent place for families, retirees, and couples or singles to flock to. Just within the fundamental limits of the city, you can bike, swim, hike, or go to parks and hang out. With all this beauty, you may wonder what the best neighborhoods to choose when you want an outdoor life are? Of course, you like it. Who does not like to enjoy the natural scenic beauty in the morning? Zilker Is Beloved By Everyone Zilker has plenty of parks and the best look. The trails have old-time bridges that are cute, and they host the Trail Of Lights. Just one of their parks has everything from a natural spring to a swimming area and sports. Take a walk between the gardens or rent a kayak and brave the water! Austin real estate is a neighborhood that truly has everything to offer. Be sure to check out the magnificent Lady Bird Lake Hike if you love fishing! You can visit Bramlett Residential to check out beautiful homes in Austin.When you are going out for a short walk or run, you always want some mental peace and a relaxed feeling. The natural ambiance of Austin real estate is so attractive. Hence you can enjoy your walk and enjoy the magnificent scenic view by the lake. Belterra Is A Master Planned Area Of Austin Real Estate When looking at Austin real estate, you will find master-planned communities are widespread. Belterra is right in the center of nature and has hiking trails, lakes, and rivers. They also offer over fifteen miles of biking trails and hiking trails while offering three separate pools! If you love birds, you will be able to watch them for hours and enjoy the solitude. However, if birdwatching does not excite you, you can always experience the fun that comes with camping and horseback riding. The most popular place in the area is the massive dome. Known as the Enchanted Rock State Natural Area, you will find it is enormous and pink!Austin real estate is very well designed and well maintained. So the residents can enjoy the scenic beauty and get in touch with nature. But all the modern luxuries amenities are also present here, so you do not have to compromise your modern lifestyle. River Place Puts You In The CountryIf you are in need and looking for a home with a view of the country, go to River Place. They offer a country club, three separate hiking clubs, and a beautiful waterfall. The best part? The walking trails are dog-friendly, and the sense of community is lovely. If hiking does not make you happy, there are parks to play in, and they have barbecue grills for fun in the sun. A lovely natural park is also helping you to feel relaxed and cheerful. These parks are the best places for a small outdoor summer picnic or party. After the picnic, you can go out for a short walk and explore the areas nearby.However, one of the best options is the Austin real estate neighborhood offers a private marina where you can swim, water ski, or go boating. It is the perfect option for couples, families, or a single person that wants to relax. Privacy is another great benefit that people love.  A Wonderful Option Austin real estate is a beautiful place to find outdoor living homes that let you have the perfect balance of nature and the city. When you want activities daily and enjoy being outdoors, these neighborhoods offer the best way to see what Austin has to offer. Enjoy the sights and sounds of immersing yourself in a whole new world and enjoy the beauty of nature. Read Also:Best Areas Where You Should Buy An Apartment In Qatar An Overview on Luxury Real Estate in Paris

Residential Buildings

Pre-Opening Inspections on Residential Buildings

Building a residential complex can be quite a challenge for any company. The sheer amount of planning and the complexity and scale of the task can overwhelm anyone.In those situations, mistakes are possible and they happen. Which is why it is important that the building is inspected for flaws during the construction and especially once the construction is done and before it is put into use.Experts at Xpera Group give us the rundown of the most important checks and inspections a building needs before it can be safely used. Electrical Inspection : Electricity is one of those things which can be extremely dangerous if treated carelessly and at the same time, indispensable for our daily lives.Before any building can get its use permit, the appropriate authority will need to ensure that all of the electrical installations are safe and installed properly. Waterproofing : Also known as building envelope inspection, this particular part of the inspection makes sure that no water can get into the building.The building envelope includes doors, windows, the roof, and the walls, everything that separates the outside from the inside.Typically, these inspections are conducted before the building is released to general use, but it is also important to periodically conduct it even when the building is in use since the envelope will be exposed to the elements the most. Fire Safety Inspection : Another hugely important matter is the fire safety of the whole building. Each municipality and county might have their own specific rules about fire safety, but it will always be a requirement in order to get a permit.The most important thing is to have a functional fire alarm system, as well as fire extinguishers or similar firefighting tool readily available throughout the building. Structural Stability Inspection : The name of this inspection is self-explanatory – the inspectors will need to ensure that the building can support its own weight, as well as that the materials used are durable enough to last for as long as the building is expected to be used. Earthquake Inspection : Some regions are just more prone to earthquakes, which has forced those areas to be extra careful when constructing their buildings, and the earthquake inspection is there to ensure that the building can withstand an earthquake and be safe enough for the people inside. Balcony Inspection : Balconies are a known weak point in the structure. The part which binds the balcony to the building itself is a critical point which needs to be protected and properly maintained.Water is probably the worst enemy of balconies, but the damp air and especially salty air near the seas can act as an abrasive force as well.The other key point in balcony protection is the railing. Depending on the material, the railing has different maintenance needs and expected durability which needs to be followed strictly. Pest Inspection : Even though the building is new, a variety of pests might choose to make it their home, especially if something was made improperly, giving them plenty of places to hide.This inspection is not obligatory and will not be a condition to get a use permit, but some people want to go the extra mile and perform this check as well.These types of inspection might not be the only ones you will have to apply for, but they are the most important and you need to make sure that your building is going to be up to the code before you do.Read Also :Ways To Take The Employee Appreciation To Next Level In Your Company What Can I Do To Make My Company Website More Profitable And Powerful? Finding The Right Moving Company