Tools Used in Building Surveying

Published on: 23 October 2018 Last Updated on: 06 May 2019
Building Surveying

Surveying is a construction technique and process that building contractors perform to measure distances between points and angles. Surveying is also a way of levelling construction sites before the actual construction commences. The right surveying equipment helps in guaranteeing the accuracy and efficiency of the measurements. There are several instruments and equipment that surveyors use before construction.


Surveyors use a theodolite for precisely measuring both vertical and horizontal angles for triangulation. Triangulation is the measuring of the distance and location of a certain point. A moveable telescope connected to a perpendicular axis is what comprises a theodolite. The telescope is on top of a tripod head that supports the whole instrument. There are screws for tightening and loosening the telescope. Placing the apparatus directly above the point produces a precise measurement. A laser plummet, or a plumb bob is essential in measuring a position using a theodolite.

Dumpy level:

A device that looks like a telescope perched on a tripod is what makes up a dumpy level. Surveyors use this instrument in establishing points in one flat area. A dumpy level has other uses: paired with a vertical staff, it can measure differences in height and relocate elevations. A dumpy level has three variations:

  • A tilting level is where you can move the telescope 180 degrees.
  • A digital electronic level uses electronic laser techniques to interpret a vertical staff with barcodes.
  • An auto level is easy to set up. The internal compensator mechanism can eliminate any variation.

Measuring Wheel:

A measuring wheel is a less accurate instrument for measuring distances. The wheel is rolled manually from one point to another. One turn of the wheel measures a certain distance, either a metre or a yard. A mechanical device connected to the wheel counts the revolutions and measures the range directly. The measuring wheel is the most straightforward and most uncomplicated surveying instrument, but it does not provide the same accuracy and precision that other devices offer.

Total station:

A total station is the more modern version of a theodolite. A total station has an electronic distance meter. Another essential component of a total station is a microprocessor unit. This component gathers data to establish the following:

  • The three coordinates of the measured points.
  • The elevation of elements.
  • The average of various measured angles.
  • The distance on a horizontal plane.
  • The proportion of different measured distances.
  • The range of two points.

You can download the following data that is gathered by the total station to process using computer-aided design (CAD), geographic information system (GIS) or building information modelling. The best thing about a total station is that it can produce precise and accurate measurements.

If you are planning to build an establishment for business or a home, you can seek the help of building surveyors in Leicester which has several companies that you can go to for this purpose. These surveying companies possess all the necessary tools for the job. Do not bypass the surveying part of construction as doing so may result in problems in the long run.

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I enjoy writing and I write quality guest posts on topics of my interest and passion. I have been doing this since my college days. My special interests are in health, fitness, food and following the latest trends in these areas. I am an editor at Content Rally.

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Conveyor Systems

Things You Need To Know About the Top of the Line Conveyor Systems

Conveyor systems offer efficiency and safety in transportation options for scores of industries. This involves services in numerous areas such as aerospace manufacturing, canning, bottling, and chemicals among others. On many occasions, conveyor systems are in different sizes in order to fit all the firm schemes. It is, therefore, important that you consider such features in order to get the ones that suit your specific needs. With a conveyor system, industries are able to have well-organized and effective operations. They are fast reliable and reduce excessive human labor within the industries. This article lists various things you need to know about top-of-the-line conveyor systems. Check For Quality : To get a good conveyor system, one must consider doing thorough research prior to the acquisition. This is by selecting the best company that you trust and is with a good reputation in terms of manufacturing. We all want something that will give us long-term service without frequent breakdowns. In that case, if you experience any technicalities, the change part company will provide you with experienced personnel to repair it on your behalf. This will ensure an accurate repair with fewer faults. Size And Design : One should be careful when considering the size of a conveyor system. In most cases, it is not always that the bigger or smaller ones are the ones with great services. The best thing to do is consider the amount of space available to fit your conveyor system. From there now you can decide on what size to purchase. Among the few factors to consider are the floor space, the ceiling height, and other factors that might cause interferences during installations. The Work Environment Matters : The conveyor system placement can also be influenced by one work environment. Among the few things that might be affecting this is what that particular company is dealing with. This includes either the open ignition sources or the explosions. A wrong choice of equipment can only lead to unwanted accidents thus it's Important if one chooses wisely. Profitability : One must know what suits his company before settling for a conveyor system. This can, in turn, benefit a company vastly in terms of profitability. So, if you can know your needs prior to the acquisition, then the better. This is because, aside from just getting the best conveyor system, you will also save a lot and be able to enhance your company’s profitability. Accuracy : Accuracy is one thing you must consider in your conveyor system. An accurate system will not only ensure smooth and consistent in your work processes but also provide fast and reliable service. For instance, you might be applying labels, and for a good end result, there must be accurate. For that matter, you are able to save on a lot in the long run. Service And Maintenance Considering the service and maintenance of your system can be very important for numerous reasons. This is possible to reduce the level of breakdowns and ensure smooth operations. In the process, it can be easier to prevent expensive maintenance processes. Thus, you can save much on repair issues. In conclusion, the conveyor systems can add safety to facilities. This is, however, if they are made carefully to meet the company’s needs. It is, therefore, important if you take the time to pick the one that suits your needs for better profitability. With these few tips, you are able to get the best conveyor system if you implement them wisely. Read Also : How Can Conveyancing Services Help You? All You Need To Know About Pool Maintenance Services Best Server Management Tips for Startups What are the Advantages of Pursuing a Full-Time Master's?

Dream House

Finding the Best Mortgage Lenders to Buy Your Dream House

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living in Seattle

Cost of living in Seattle

Seattle is considered to be one of the fastest-growing cities in the United States. It has been estimated that the population will grow with more than 200000 people over the next 20 years. This has strongly been attributed to the tech scene as well as its vibrant culture. This collectively causes the city to become expensive. Studies by the Council on Economic and Community Relations have pointed out that Seattle is 24% more expensive than any normal city in the United States. This means that someone earning an annual salary of $40000 will have to earn $49600 to maintain the standard way of living in Seattle. These costs have been attributed to factors such as home prices, cost of transport and other essential costs. Housing in Seattle: The prices of homes in Seattle have shown to be one of the most expensive in the United States and do not seem to be coming down anytime soon. This may seem like good news to citizens who already own houses in Seattle, but it is a nightmare to those who don't own one and want to own one. Prices of houses according to a 2010 survey indicate the price ranges between $216000 and $440000 depending on the number of bedrooms. It has also been indicated that if these prices keep growing at the rate of 20%, the prices will surpass the $1 million mark in the next 25 years. Read more: Buying Or Selling A Home In Seattle? Average rent in Seattle: Renting has been discovered to be more favorable compared to buying. However, it is not a cheap venture. The average rent in Seattle has been estimated to be $2109 which is roughly 80% higher than the national average. Some neighborhoods in Seattle have shown to be more expensive than the others. For instance, a neighborhood like South Lake Union, a one-bedroom is rented at $1900 per month. Cost of food: Seattle is known for its exquisite seafood which is sold at the Pike Place Market. However, if you earn little income and survive on a tight budget, then you may not be able to enjoy the cuisines. It has been estimated that the average cost of dining in a typical Seattle restaurant will cost you $30 which is 30% higher than the average or typical price range countrywide. This goes for groceries too where it has been estimated the cost of acquiring groceries in Seattle is 11% more than the average cost of the same products. Transportation cost: Most people who live in Seattle rely on road transport to facilitate their movements. It comprises of car owners, public bus transport and even cyclists. The price range of a single bus ticket ranges between $2.50-$3.25. This is more convenient because it has been proven that Seattle traffic is one of the worst in the country. Its fuel prices are also said to be 10% more than the national average price. Other costs: According to internet service providers offer options to ensure proper communication which is essential nowadays. This costs can rise to $75 per month which contribute to the monthly costs you may incur while living in Seattle. Read Also: What Are The Costs Of Our Aging Infrastructure? 5 Awesome Advantages Of Buying A Smaller House