10 Carbon Capture Projects Around the World

Published on: 15 September 2021 Last Updated on: 16 September 2021
Carbon Capture Projects

Carbon capture projects, and storage projects, abbreviated as (CCS projects), is a climate change mitigation process whereby CO2 emitted into the atmosphere from industrial processes or power plants is recycled. The availability of carbon capture enables the continued use of fossil fuel in generating electricity as it is possible to reduce carbon emissions. For us to achieve a significant reduction in carbon emission, large amounts of CO2 need to be captured and stored.

CO2 gas emission is the leading cause of global warming as it brings about the greenhouse effect, which negatively impacts the environment. Globally there are three main carbon capture methods which are: post-combustion, oxy-combustion, and pre-combustion. These capture methods are applicable in various industrial processes like cement and clinker production, water desalination, oil and gas refinery, iron, and steel industry.

Don’t forget to reach out, why we should care about the environment.

Drawing from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2020 data, carbon capture helped capture and store about 40 million tonnes of CO2 globally from power plants and industrial facilities. In order to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050, the carbon capture and storage rate should increase at least 100 folds.

Many countries in the world embrace carbon capture like Australia, China, Korea, Algeria, Norway, Netherlands, the Middle East, New Zealand, and the most being in the United States and Europe.

Most of the carbon dioxide captured and stored in natural gas plants, iron and steel industries, or coal fields is transported via pipelines to oil fields and used in Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR). The wise decision for oil and gas field owners is to consult with professionals with a vast knowledge of CO2 enhanced oil recovery.

Consulting companies like Melzer Consulting offer their services to clients like oil producers, CO2 source companies, and research organizations. Some of the resources and projects include transmissive fracture detection, wettability, residual oil zones. CO2 EOR and C02 ROZ school.

Carbon Capture Projects Around the World

Carbon Capture Projects Around the World

Let’s explore some of the carbon capture and storage projects around the world:

1. Petrobras Lula, Brazil

Lula oil field is one of the largest ultra-deepwater oil and gas producing fields in the Santos Basin. This oil field produces about a million barrels of oil per day as of 2019 and is expected to reach its peak by 2021. Since 2013, the oil and gas field has incorporated carbon capture; about 0.7 million tonnes of CO2 are recycled and used in enhanced oil recovery annually.

2. Boundary Dam, Saskatchewan, Canada

The Boundary Dam is a coal-fired plant located in Estevan, Saskatchewan, Canada, and has six production units. The coal-fired plant was commissioned in 1959. In 2014, the Boundary Dam Power Station completed its carbon capture unit. The captured project used carbon for Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR).

Installation of the carbon capture and storage equipment helped convert Unit 3 into a reliable producer of clean-base electricity in the province. The plant is responsible for capturing a million tonnes of CO2 emissions per year.

3. Petra Nova CCS project, Texas, US

The WA Parish power station burns coal and gas. The plant has partially retrofitted post-combustion carbon capture equipment. This unit generates 240 MW and captures about 1.4 million tonnes of carbon per annum. The gas is transported via pipeline to West Ranch Oil Field and used for enhanced oil recovery.

4. Abu Dhabi CCS Project, United Arab Emirates

Abu Dhabi is the pilot plant with commercial carbon capture and storage facilities in the iron and steel industry. Carbon dioxide is a by-product of the production of steel and iron metals. Instead of emitting the CO2 into the atmosphere, it is captured and transported via pipeline to the region’s National Oil Company and used for EOR. Over 40% of the gas emitted proves helpful in crude oil production.

5. In Salah, Algeria

Salah is an operational onshore gas plant that began its carbon dioxide stripping and storage back in 2004. The CO2 is captured and filtered during natural gas extraction. The plant was suspended in 2011 over concerns of possible leakage. The plant had stored about 3.5 million tonnes of CO2 in a saline aquifer. The site is currently valuable for monitoring, modeling, and verification for future storage.

6. Uthmaniyah Demonstration Project, Saudi Arabia

The Uthmaniyah demonstration project was operational from 2015. Its primary purpose was to capture about 0.8 million tonnes of carbon dioxide released at the world’s largest oil field, Ghawar. The captured gas is transported via a 70km pipeline to the oil fields and used in EOR.

7. CNPC Jilin Oil Field, China

The CNPC Jilin oil field was China’s first carbon capture project in Jilin province. The source of CO2 is a nearby gas field responsible for extracting about 22.55% of natural gas. The separated carbon dioxide is transported via pipeline and injected in EOR at the low-permeability oil field. So far, the project has injected over 1.1 million tonnes of carbon dioxide.

8. Quest, Alberta, Canada

The Quest carbon capture project is a joint venture between Marathon, Shell, and Chevron Oil designed to capture about a million tonnes of CO2 gas. The hydrogen production facility was designed to convert bitumen from oil sands into synthetic crude oil. CO2 gas is a by-product in the hydrogen production process, and the unit captures, transports, and stores the gas in a deep saline aquifer.

9. Gorgon Injection Project, Australia

The Gordon Project is one of the most significant natural gas projects in the world. As of 2020, the project produces an average of 2.1 billion cubic feet of natural gas. The carbon capture unit will capture about 3.3 million tonnes of CO2 stripped from the natural gas. The carbon dioxide is stored in a saline aquifer.

10. Sleipner, Norway

Sleipner is an offshore gas field initiated in 1996. The CO2 separated from the natural gas is stored in the Utsira saline aquifer, about 800-1000m below the ocean floor. This large-sized reservoir accounts for about 600 billion tonnes of stored CO2.

It is safe to say that carbon capture, utilization, and storage are being embraced by many countries globally. The acknowledgment of the importance of capture, removal, and storage of carbon leads to the launch of carbon capture projects around the world. With the help of new policies and carbon capture, the results may have a significant climate impact.

Carbon Capture Efforts in the Future

Although carbon capture technologies have yet to be deployed on a large scale, the number of projects under development across the world has been steadily increasing. This is due to a combination of greater private sector ambition and more supportive policies. However, we will need much greater investments and governmental assistance to successfully decarbonize by implementing CSS at the scale required.

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I enjoy writing and I write quality guest posts on topics of my interest and passion. I have been doing this since my college days. My special interests are in health, fitness, food and following the latest trends in these areas. I am an editor at Content Rally.

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In-Home Care Cost

How Much Does 24/7 In-Home Care Cost?

Many clinic patients, the elderly, or people who are undergoing long-term rehabilitation after major surgery at home, need outside help. Relatives or close friends will not always be able to provide qualified support and care for such patients. In such cases, a 24-hour home care service is required with the involvement of qualified specialists and medical personnel. Many people who have faced a difficult situation in life are often interested in the question, how much does 24/7 in-home care cost? What is a 24/7 In-Home Care Service? 24/7 In-Home Care Service is a set of medical services that leads to a quick recovery of a patient after a serious illness, surgery, injury, or alleviates his suffering and improves the quality of life in the provision of palliative care. In our company, this service is carried out at home with the involvement of the following set of specialists: Certified general doctors or highly specialized doctors. Registered Nurses. Speech correction specialists. Osteopaths, massage therapists, and other doctors ensure the normal functioning of the patient's musculoskeletal system. Nursing support staff and social workers. Nurses on duty monitor the health level of seriously ill patients 24/7. In addition to these specialists, we also attract additional staff to provide round-the-clock quality care, as well as monitor the patient's health status with the provision of emergency or planned care, if necessary. What kind of work do 24/7 In-Home Care Service employees do? The work plan of medical and auxiliary staff and specialists, as well as nurses in caring for the patient, is determined individually for each specific case. The general set of services provided includes the following actions of the staff: Carrying out drug treatment, or intramuscular injections of the patient. Monitoring the state of health, making primary or final diagnoses, and conducting examinations, without the use of professional equipment. Communication with the patient, identifying and updating the clinical picture, and prescribing new medications. Assistance in moving the patient around the house, for example, to the kitchen, and to the bathroom. Walking with the patient, if such procedures do not contradict the prescription of the attending physician. Maintaining the standard life of the patient, such as washing, changing clothes, helping to use the toilet, preparing meals, and performing other vital tasks. Help in establishing the ability to communicate normally, correcting the speech of a patient after a stroke or other serious illness. Perform dressings, treatment of wounds, bedsores, and other traumatic injuries. Conducting intensive care. Assistance in occupational therapy, gymnastics, or other physical exercises. Feeding the patient, including intravenous, with the inability to eat independently. Providing psychological assistance, getting rid of stress and depression, and pursuing a special course of treatment. All services that are provided around the clock by our service are aimed at ensuring a comfortable life for the patient, regardless of the age and severity of the identified pathology. Our qualified specialists relieve suffering and provide the necessary assistance in various pathologies. How Much Does 24/7 In-Home Care Cost? The cost of maintaining staff for round-the-clock care at home is calculated individually, according to the company's price list, as well as adjusting factors, and depends on several important criteria: The age of the patient. The patient's health status. The type of pathology identified. The need for round-the-clock monitoring of the patient. The number of specialists involved in working with patients. The need for intensive care. Category and method of dosage of drugs. The cost of procedures prescribed to the patient. The need for periodic planned hospitalization. The need for analysis. Removing the location of the patient from the region of service. The need to maintain the living conditions of the patient. According to the results of calculations and compilation of statistics, regardless of the category of the patient and several specialists involved in caring for him, home care is no more than 1/3 of the cost of hospital stay bills. Thus, the customer incurs lower costs both for the direct payment for each service, according to the price list, and for the purchase of insurance, including 24/7 In-Home Care Service. In recent years, experts have explicitly stated that home care is becoming more and more profitable for customers, due to the growth in the number of companies providing this service, as well as due to the reduction in the cost of such services with the development of digital technologies. When is 24/7 In-Home Care required? The decision to contact the round-the-clock assistance service for sick or incapacitated people is made in the presence of the following circumstances: Conclusion on the incapacity of an elderly person, or a patient with pathologies. The presence in the house of a child with ASD, or with other mental developmental disabilities. Relatives notice the patient's untidy appearance, exhaustion due to lack of food, or other signs of socialization disorders, this means that the person needs third-party help, and they need to turn to specialists. If the patient cannot move independently, he needs round-the-clock supervision, since when he tries to transfer from bed to a wheelchair, he can injure himself. One of the main reasons why people don’t always turn to the services of round-the-clock care for a sick person is the reluctance to spend extra money. At the same time, if relatives have to take care of an elderly person, this can drag on for years, which will certainly affect the mental state of relatives. After the departure of the ward from life, the years will already be lost, and the relatives will not have time to enjoy life. In this regard, experts recommend always contacting professionals in such cases. Particular attention should be paid to older people who are diagnosed with dementia, starting with the second degree. Such patients are always ready to serve themselves and declare complete independence, but in fact, they cannot do without professional help. One of the most important reasons for hiring a nurse to look after a sick person is the fact that the patient is always more subordinate to a stranger than to a relative. This means that if the ward behaves too capriciously, and does not want to follow the daily routine or take the medications prescribed by the attending physician, it is recommended to seek professional help. The specialists of our company perfectly understand the condition of sick people, since we have been working with such patients for more than a year. We provide psychological assistance, we understand the algorithm of interaction with a person, even in the most difficult situations. All our nurses and doctors have completed advanced training courses and meet the highest requirements, as evidenced by the positive feedback from our patients' relatives. Tips for choosing 24/7 In-Home Care It is very difficult to make the right choice of a nurse who will simultaneously satisfy the patient and his relatives, and also fulfill all the regulatory requirements and prescriptions of the doctor. When looking for such staff for a home for around-the-clock care for a sick person, it is recommended to take into account several nuances: When conducting an interview, it is recommended to invite the future nurse to the patient and look at his reaction. The nurse should have a pleasant timbre of voice and arrange for the patient to quickly establish contact with him. The nurse must have the necessary qualifications, and be able to provide first aid, following the disease in her future ward. It is recommended to request in advance from the future employee all the necessary qualification documents, as well as a diploma of higher education. The nurse should initially be ready for an irregular working day, namely, staying next to a sick person 24/7, or, if she disagrees, it is recommended to hire two people. Our company immediately presents to a potential customer 2 or 3 highly qualified people who will be next to the patient for 24 hours. A nurse must always be in touch, have a mobile phone, be able to use instant messengers to answer a question at any time of the day, or transfer information to the attending physician in case of a force majeure situation. Regardless of professional qualities, the nurse must have such personal traits as benevolence, compassion, and care. Only with a good attitude from the home staff, the patient will quickly recover, or his last days of life will be comfortable. Our company All American Home Care has only highly qualified medical staff and nurses who provide round-the-clock support for a sick person, regardless of the degree of progression of the disease. We are always ready to help your relative both in the postoperative period and in the provision of palliative care. Read Also: Art Activities for Stress Relief Releasing Stress Even if You Don’t Leave Home Make Your Vacation Less Stressful With the Following Tricks Why It’s So Hard to Quit Drugs Cold Turkey?


9 Things Conservatives & Liberals Have in Common

Almost everyone overestimates the gap between conservatives and liberals. And with media figureheads like Rush Limbaugh and Chuck Schumer, it’s not hard to see why the two groups seem like polar opposites. But the reality is that the two political parties actually have more in common than most people realize, or care to admit. Despite the fact that the majority of Americans across ideological lines all want the same thing – a place where there is equality and justice – the bickering between conservatives and liberals continues. 9 Things Conservatives &  Liberals Have in Common 1. Interest in Opposing Views In 2017, the Los Angeles Times reported that the one thing conservatives and liberals have in common is their lack of interest in opposing views. Americans often get stuck in political and ideological bubbles and insulate themselves from the opinions of others. This is dangerous and encourages ignorance. Still, psychological studies support the idea that liberals and conservatives are equally resistant to learning more about the views of the other party. 2. Betterment of American Society Despite the fact that conservatives and liberals don’t often like to consider opposing views, there are some things that both parties have in common. In fact, most all political affiliations would agree on these concepts. These are common goals that are geared at bettering society. 3. Ensuring Access to Healthy Food Liberals and conservatives agree that Americans need and deserve access to healthy foods in their communities, schools, and homes. 4. Providing a Safe and Effective Education Conservatives and liberals agree that American children deserve a safe, healthy learning environment. Access to education and improving education are on the minds of both political parties. 5. Bringing Manufacturing Back to the United States 8 out of 10 American consumers prefer to buy products that are made in the United States. Unfortunately, an increasing number of companies are outsourcing overseas to save costs, which is making American-made products harder to come by. Liberals and conservatives both are exploring ways to bring manufacturing back to the U.S. 6. Ensuring that Workers Have Equal and Fair Pay Liberals and conservatives seem to agree that Americans work hard and deserve a fair wage for their time and effort. Paychecks should match skill, education, and contribution levels, and should be sufficient to support the cost of living. 7. Access to Affordable and Quality Healthcare There are still many disparities in access to affordable and quality healthcare. However, liberal and conservative lawmakers and advocates agree that this is a fundamental issue that must be resolved. Access to healthcare and health insurance should not be restricted to the upper-middle class and wealthy. Denying access to healthcare and insurance coverage increases disparities and poor outcomes among American’s who cannot afford out-of-pocket costs or the costs of insurance premiums. 8. Provide Better Care for Elderly and Veterans A significant portion of the U.S. population is elderly individuals, including millions of veterans. Sadly, these groups are among the most disparate and underrepresented groups. Elderly and veteran homelessness is rampant, and healthcare is almost nonexistent for individuals on fixed incomes. Conservatives and liberals both agree that these groups deserve more support and better care. 9. Removing Bias from News Media Liberal and conservative Americans largely agree that bias needs to be removed from news media. There are frequent arguments between political parties and individual Americans about the bias of certain news organizations. If you are conservative, tune into “this” channel to get “the truth”. If you are liberal, check out “this” website. Rather than gearing certain news media outlets toward a particular political viewpoint, the news should be geared toward telling Americans the truth. Additional Reading: How Can Nonprofits Ask for Donations? The Top 5 Trends Of 2020 Which Sets Generation Z Apart Is Social Work Getting Enough Praise In Today’s Society?

Match Sofas With Accent Chairs

How Do You Match Sofas With Accent Chairs?

It is unarguable that decorating our own home will surely excite us. The thoughts of what color palette to use or what furniture to put or how to arrange them will get us a bit carried away for sure. The entire decoration plays a key role as it sets up the mood for the house. Whether you want a refresh or moving into a new space, it is vital to purchase durable furniture to incorporate your home. Choosing your furniture can take you a lot of time to consider its design and quality. In Chesterfield furniture, they offer a wide range of designs that will not compromise your comfort as they only intend to use the finest materials for their sofas and chairs. The most crucial spot of the house to decorate is the living room. Being the center of the house, a heart is considered a symbol for the living room. The living room is the primary room you will see upon entering a home, and it is where guests are entertained. The living room should be an area to indulge and lie on the couch as you enjoy a bowl of popcorn watching your favorite movie. Most importantly, the living room is where families should spend time together to relax and share stories. There is a long list of furniture to consider putting in the living room. The essentials are the sofa, coffee table, accent chairs, media stand, and side table. Putting together all these are overwhelming; thus, one should consider hiring an interior decorator to do the job, or if not, dig deep on Pinterest for design inspiration. One of the common mistakes in arranging your furniture is the improper incorporation of your sofa with your accent chair. If you want to create a pleasing space to the eye and a solid setup, you should consider a few tips and tricks to have a successful mix and match. What Do I Have To Put In Mind: In pairing your sofa with your accent chair, contrasting them is most crucial. You will have to make these pieces complement each other and, at the same time, can stand on their own. You shall also consider the style, color, and form of your selections. 1. Style Style is an essential element to consider. If you opt for minimal decoration, both your sofa and accent chair should embody that style. 2. Color Carefully decide on the color palette you will use for your sofa and your accent chair. Your choice can either be a monochromatic or complementary color scheme; always make sure they don’t crash with each other. 3. Form Always be mindful of the form. A skirted sofa would go along well with an accent chair that has an intricate or evident leg style. How Do I Arrange These Pieces? There are various ways to arrange your sofa and your accent chair: front and center, and section-off space. When you follow the front and center arrangement, you must consider where you will be facing as you sit down. The section-off space arrangement considers arranging the furniture in ways that can accommodate visitors and guests. There are no rules on how you should decorate your place; as being said, it is your home and your own space. However, it would help if you always put in mind that the design must go together harmoniously. Read Also:  Some Common Reason why we Use Futon Mattress Modern Home design ideas for crowded families Top 5 Trending Home Renovation Ideas For Australian Families