The 4 Types of Hormone Replacement Therapy

Hormone Replacement Therapy

During menopause, estrogen levels in your body drop. Some women experience unpleasant symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats, and vaginal dryness. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT), also known as Estrogen Replacement Therapy (ERT), is the most effective way to treat these menopausal symptoms.

HRT involves estrogen-containing medications that replace the hormones that are no longer produced after menopause. Studies have found that hormone therapy also helps to prevent bone loss and reduce fractures in postmenopausal women.

If you want to relieve the symptoms of menopause, understanding the advantages and disadvantages of hormone replacement therapy can help you determine the right type for you. Highlighted below are the four types of HRT for menopause.

Here are the 4 types of Hormone Replacement Therapy:

1. Estrogen Pills

One of the most common forms of HRT is an oral medication. The pills include conjugated estrogens and are typically taken once daily without food. However, some have more complicated dosing schedules.

Pros

Like other forms of HRT, estrogen pills can lessen or remedy the bothersome symptoms caused by menopause. They also reduce the risk of osteoporosis (weakening of the bones).

Cons

Estrogen, on its own, slightly increases the risk of thrombosis and stroke. When used with the hormone progesterone, the risk of heart disease and breast cancer is heightened.

Like other HRT treatments, oral estrogens have side effects.

These include painful swelling of the breasts, vaginal discharge, headache, and nausea. People with liver problems should opt for other forms of estrogen as oral estrogens can be hard on the liver.

In addition, estrogen may not be absorbed, especially if you are taking certain medications or if you have stomach problems.

2. Skin Patches

Another type of HRT is skin patches, with examples including Alora and Estraderm. There are also combined estrogen and progesterone skin patches. Follow the instructions and replace the patch once or twice weekly.

Pros

First, the patch is convenient. You can stick it without worrying about taking oral medicine every day. The patch is also great for people with liver ailments as the estrogen goes passes directly into the bloodstream, avoiding the liver. Studies have proved that patches do not present a risk of thrombosis to postmenopausal women compared to oral estrogens.

Cons

Estrogen patches do have side effects. These include painful swelling of the breasts, vaginal discharge, headache, and nausea. The patch can also irritate the skin on which it is applied.

Do not expose estrogen patches to high temperatures or direct sunlight. The heat can bring about the rapid release of estrogen from some. Therefore, do not use a tanning bed or sauna when wearing an estrogen patch.

3. Topical treatment

Estrogen gels, creams, and sprays are another way of incorporating estrogen into your body. Like skin patches, this type of estrogen treatment is directly absorbed into the blood. They are normally administered once a day.

Pros

Since these topical estrogen treatments journey directly into the blood, they are low risk for people with liver problems.

Cons

A possible problem with the use of this type of estrogen treatment is that the gel, cream, or spray can be rubbed or washed off before being completely absorbed. Always let the treatment of dry before dressing and apply after bathing.

Since estrogen is directly absorbed through the skin, do not let your family members come into contact with these creams or gels. Ensure you clean and dry your hands after using the medication.

4. Vaginal Suppositories

These types of estrogen treatments are applied directly to the vagina. These treatments are most suitable for women who suffer particularly from vaginal dryness, itching, pain, or burning sensation during intercourse. The medication includes vaginal tablets, creams, and vaginal rings.

The exact dosing schedule depends on the product. However, the vaginal ring must be replaced every three months.

Pros

Research has proved that vaginal suppositories are more effective in treating vaginal symptoms of menopause than other types of estrogen treatment.

Some vaginal rings produce low doses, impacting the surrounding region only. This is favorable since they do not subject the whole body to high amounts of estrogen. In theory, this reduces the risks of estrogen treatment and is a safe method to reassure women unable to receive systemic treatment.

Cons

Vaginal suppositories containing low amounts of estrogen are only useful for menopausal symptoms brought about due to hysterectomy. They do not treat other symptoms, such as hot flashes. Although high doses of suppositories offer solutions to these symptoms, they may carry risks of cancer. Most doctors do not recommend long-term vaginal estrogen therapy in women who still have a uterus, as this may escalate the threat of endometrial cancer.

In conclusion, work closely with your doctor to decide on the best option from the various available hormone replacement therapies. Also, talk to your physician about how long you can take HRT and how to limit potential risks.

Read Also:

I enjoy writing and I write quality guest posts on topics of my interest and passion. I have been doing this since my college days. My special interests are in health, fitness, food and following the latest trends in these areas. I am an editor at Content Rally.

View all posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related

healthy

How to Stay Healthy and Fit Despite a Hectic Schedule

With our busiest schedules to follow, we often get reluctant about hitting the gym or following a proper diet plan. Nobody has the kind of time to spend hours pampering themselves. The good news is health and fitness is not all about investing too much time in cooking healthy meals and working out at the gym, it is much more.Even the littlest healthy habits and avoidance of unhealthy habits can improve your overall lifestyle and turn you into a healthier YOU.Want to know what such habits are and how you can add them to your daily routine? They might not sound very new, but they are exactly the ones you usually miss out on. So, here is a reminder for you to follow them for a healthy and happy life. Read through and thank me later! How to Stay Healthy and Fit Despite a Hectic Schedule: Carry a Water Bottle: We all are aware of the fact that drinking 7 to 8 glasses of water is necessary for healthier skin and body. However, most of us get reluctant about it because it is way out of our reach and we are too busy to fetch a glass for ourselves.Therefore, I would suggest you carry a medium-size water bottle wherever you go and finish it at least twice to hydrate your body well. Drinking water is not only best for hydrating the body but it also helps flush out any toxins prevailing inside the body. Stay Socially Active: By staying socially active, I do not mean to stay updated with and connected to social media. It means taking time out for catching up with old friends in person and making new friends as well. Put all the gadgets away and spend some quality time with your family on the weekend.Staying socially active helps us relax and give us immense emotional strength. It is great for mental health and wellbeing. Get Rid of All Kinds of Addiction: If you are addicted to anything in your life, either it is some high-quality weed, video games or smoking cigarettes,  try to get rid of it. It is tough, I know. However, where there is a will, there surely is away.Telling yourself to avoid something takes you closer to it. Therefore, instead of doing that, just distract your mind by engaging in better and healthier activities whenever you feel the need for it. You will gradually be able to get rid of it without even knowing it. Proper and Uninterrupted Sleep: With all the smartphones and wireless gadgets in our room beeping every other minute, going deep into sleep has nearly become impossible. We all are so addicted to checking every notification immediately that we do not even keep our phones silent while going to bed. As a result, we end up staying up till late and feeling restless throughout the day.If you want a healthier lifestyle, start turning your phone on silent mode before you go to bed and put all your devices away at least half an hour before you go to sleep. If you want something to do in that spare time before you doze off, take a good book to read while sipping on chamomile tea.Read More:7 Ways To Kick Off Your Fitness Routine Go Trampolining To Have Fun And Maintain Your Fitness Who Can Benefit From The Elliptical? You Can’t Out-Diet Your Training

READ MOREDetails
Functional Medicine Doctor

How Can A Dallas Functional Medicine Doctor Help You?

If you are suffering from medical conditions and are given an opinion to seek out the services of a functional medicine doctor you might be wondering how can a functional medicine doctor help you? You need to understand the scope and practices of a Dallas functional medicine doctor to understand the help and relief you will get from a functional doctor. What is functional medicine? Functional Medicine focuses on the root causes of the ailment, using a specific approach and by allowing both the patient and the doctor to form a therapeutic partnership and work together. Unlike conventional medicines, functional medicine is a new treatment plan to treat patients with health issues. Instead of the standard medical treatment, this approach focuses on the treatment of the patient as a whole rather than focusing on a few symptoms. Thus this system of medicine is best described as medicine by cause and not by symptoms. How Can a Functional Medicine Doctor help You? A functional medicine doctor spends time with you. Together the doctor will sit with you and study your medical symptoms. However, unlike conventional doctors, the functional doctors will go beyond the normal diagnosis and will also look at your eating style, your exercise and living routines, and your lifestyle. The doctor will try to learn about you to better understand the root causes of your disease. If you are more exposed to toxins and other unhealthy habits the doctor will work on such causes to offer you treatment plans that go beyond normal medicines but works on your overall lifestyle. The doctor will also look into your overall health and body function and check your genetic makeup, lifestyle, and environmental influences before starting with a treatment plan.A functional medicine doctor can help you with many health-related issues. These include patients suffering from diabetes, blood pressure issues, and heart complications. People who have psychiatric and neurological issues can get personalized treatment from functional medicine doctors as these doctors are specialist in dealing with patients who suffer from depressions, attention disorder, and anxiety and stress. Other common problems such as digestive disorders and issues with bowel movements, ulcers, chronic diseases, and acid reflux issues are also in the domain of functional medicine doctors where they treat the patients individually focusing on all root causes with a proper treatment plan.There are other numerous types of treatment options such as treatment of autoimmune diseases such as arthritis, and celiac illness. People who have skin problems such as ongoing acne and eczema may also find functional medicine a better and long-term treatment solution that would help in healing the root causes of the condition and make sure the chances of skin disorders in future is also minimized.A Dallas functional medicines doctor objective is to bring your life to a normal routine and eliminate the factors that bring toxins and illness to your life. The doctor will design a personalized plan for you that includes:A complete check of your diet, and exercise and lifestyle and bring in all the necessary changes in your routine that are vital for your road of recovery. Looking out for factors that bring stress into your life and looking out for ways to eliminate the stress and bring peace to your life. Working out for detoxification options that work for the treatment of the patient. Looking for prescription drugs options that include the different types of botanical and nutritional medicines.Functional medicine doctors will sit with you and work as your partner to figure out all the reasons for the imbalances in your life that are harming your health and are the root causes of your sickness. By working on your core issues the functional practitioner makes sure that you bring changes in your life to treat the disease and prevent the health problems from occurring again. The doctors will help patients to understand that they have the power to make changes in their life and lead a healthy life as a reality.When a functional doctor works with your through the sitting sessions and appointments he learns all about you from head-to-toe, and have a complete understanding about your health and reasons of the health complications. Having a complete picture of your health conditions enable function doctors to go beyond the normal treatment plans and advise on treatment options that are not only suitable to help with the treatment but they are also preventive measure to make sure such health issues are eliminated for future occurrences as well.Read Also:What Doctor Says About Snoring 5 Things You Should Do To Reduce Stress

READ MOREDetails

All That You Need To Know About Dandy-Walker Syndrome

Dandy-Walker Syndrome (DWS), also known as Dandy-Walker Malformation (DWM), is a rare disorder of the human brain. This disorder or malformation impacts the development of the cerebellum, a part of the brain responsible for muscle coordination, balance, posture, and speech.Due to this disorder, the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) can be affected. This can result in the accumulation of too much CSF in the brain, causing a condition called hydrocephalus. The impact of the Dandy-Walker Syndrome typically lasts lifelong for a patient. Who can get affected by Dandy-Walker Syndrome? This disorder is a congenital condition that exists at birth. Infants belonging to both sexes can be affected by Dandy-Walker Syndrome. It is a genetic disorder that can occur sporadically. This syndrome impacts one in every 30,000 infants born alive. What are the causes of this syndrome? Dandy-Walker Syndrome is caused due to the partial or total failure of development of the cerebellar vermis that leads to the blockage of the CSF circulation. It is thought that various genetic and environmental factors can be responsible for someone to develop this rare congenital condition. What are the symptoms of DWS? The symptoms generally appear within one year after birth. Among the common symptoms of the syndrome are the following:Delay in development of language and motor skills such as talking, crawling, walking, and sitting up Poor muscle tone and muscle stiffness Difficulty in balance and coordination Unsteady eye movement, including jerky eye movement Hearing and vision impairment The occurrence of seizures or convulsions Breathing difficulties or irregular patterns of breathing Widened and flat veins visible in the skull The increasing size of the skull leading to the abnormal growth of the headHow and when is Dandy-Walker Syndrome diagnosed? The diagnosis of Dandy-Walker Syndrome can be done even before an infant is born. Tests to detect the syndrome before and after birth include the following:High-resolution ultrasound screening is carried out during the second or third trimester of pregnancy to diagnose the syndrome Fetal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is done to confirm the diagnosis of the condition and to rule out other conditions that may appear to be similar to Dandy-Walker Syndrome in ultrasound screening MRI after birth is done to confirm the syndrome and determine if any other complications are impacting the baby Further imaging studies are done after birth, such as X-rays of the skull to determine its enlargement, MRI, and CT scan to check the shape and measure the size of the fourth ventricle, and ultrasound screening to determine hydrocephalus development.In most cases, this syndrome is diagnosed in children in the early stages of their life. Some babies are born with normal ventricles but the signs of the syndrome start to appear when they reach about one year of age. In many cases, the syndrome is diagnosed in children when they are between three to four years of age. However, this syndrome has been known to be diagnosed in children as old as twelve years as well. How can the condition be treated? Treatment for Dandy-Walker Syndrome is aimed towards resolving the underlying symptoms and managing the complications that may arise due to the condition. Among the treatment options are:Medications provided to check seizures Physical therapy to help develop muscle tone and coordination Speech therapy to improve language and speech Occupational therapy to improve mobility skills such as walking, eating, managing simple daily chores, etc. A surgical procedure called shunt may be carried out if severe hydrocephalus is observed in the patient. This procedure is done to reduce the intracranial pressure inside the skull by draining off the excess fluid gathered within the brain. It can bring relief to the patient from inflammation and some other problems that may occur due to intracranial pressure.Since this is a rare condition, treatment needs to be done by knowledgeable doctors who are experienced in dealing with patients suffering from this syndrome. If you are looking for an expert doctor to consult about this syndrome, you can get expert advice and professional help at https://www.xpertdox.com/. How can Dandy-Walker Syndrome be prevented? This syndrome is a genetic condition. As such, there is no specific method that can be applied to ensure prevention from it. Expecting parents can undergo genetic testing. Prenatal diagnosis can also be helpful to understand the risks associated with the condition. In case of a family history of the syndrome, genetic counseling can be helpful to evaluate the risks before planning to have a baby.Read Also :6 Ways To Promote Healthy Brain How To Stay Healthy And Fit Despite A Hectic Schedule Unhealthy And Healthy Solutions For Coping With Stress

READ MOREDetails