All About The Legal Entity Identifier: A Mandate Of The Future!


20 November 2019


Legal Entity Identifier

Legal Entity Identifier is an alphanumeric, 20-character code developed by the International Organization for Standardization. Abbreviated as LEI, this code contains information on the company’s ownership structure and provides answers of ‘who is who’ and ‘who owns what.’

It gives a unique identification of all legal entities (organization, company, firm, trust, fund, and government body) that are participating in any financial transactions.

The complete LEI system is operated and maintained by GLEIF (Global LEI foundation), and the right to issue LEIs is only given to the few organizations.

It All Started With Wrigley’s:

In 1974, when the grocery industries were pleading for the development of barcode, many companies proposed their proposals to bring them. Considering this, the UPC was introduced, which became the first code to be scanned on Wrigley’s Chewing gum.

Later, to end the one-dimensional (UPC) barcode, which only contains 20-alphanumeric codes, Denso Wave (a Toyota’s subsidiary) invented Quick Response (QR) codes. QR codes are a two-dimensional system that focuses on rapid scanning and is widely used by today’s marketers to streamline processes.

Legal Entity Identifier (LEI) Came In Existence – 2011

The LEI was developed by the G20 (an international organization with 20 major countries) in 2011 to track all financial transactions in national jurisdictions. The need for LEI came when regulators were suffering from financial crises, and there was no unanimous code to make successful financial transactions.

The difficulties in identifying transaction details and calculating the risk amount bring LEI into existence.  The first (LEI) legal entity identifiers database was issued in December 2012.

Structure Of Code:

Technically, the Legal Entity Identifier is represented as ISO 17442. It contains 20-character alphanumeric numbers with the first four characters showing the LOU, Local Operating Unit. The other 5-18 characters are an alphanumeric string, which organizations assign. And, the last two characters are called checksum digits.

Process Of LEI:

The companies that need a Legal Entity Identifier should contact the respective organizations that provide LEIs. They then have to provide the necessary information and the fee. The issuing body will then provide LEI after cross-checking all details. Things like registration of the business, information about other connected companies, etc. are verified before giving LEI. Some other things, which the issuing body will assure, are:

  • A country where the entity was formed
  • The registered address of the legal entity
  • Any legal or official name of the entity (if any) that is present in the records
  • The Unique code of representing countries and their connected company’s
  • Data of the first LEI assignment, date of the last information update and it’s an expiry date

Why LEI Is Important:

  • LEIs reduce the risks associated with financial transactions. With them, you can easily measure the total risk involved in trading.
  • It minimizes the overall cost of reporting tasks, cost of information gathering, and other administrative costs.
  • LEI help in enhancing market transparency as with a unique code, it is easy to detect the frauds and other manipulations in the market.

Who Should Need LEI?

Organizations, corporations, and other entities that are involved in the financial transactions need LEI to recognize all entities and funds involved in the transactions. If you are any of the following, you can register for LEI:

  • A non-profit organization
  • Registered Company or Registered Subsidiary
  • A business having a distinct identity
  • A trust or Funds

LEI In Business And In Payment Systems:

To have clear business identification and to make transparent financial transactions, business needs a unique code called LEI.  LEI also helps to minimize the cost and the speeding process of transactions, improve data sharing, and more. Furthermore, in trading (direct and indirect payments), LEI ensures that the correct information is used to transfer funds.

LEIs not only ensure transparency and safety in the global market, but also provide maximum compatibility and safe business.

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I enjoy writing and I write quality guest posts on topics of my interest and passion. I have been doing this since my college days. My special interests are in health, fitness, food and following the latest trends in these areas. I am an editor at Content Rally.

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Artificial Intelligence

How Artificial Intelligence Is Helping Banking and Financial Institutions?

There is no other global industry that is experiencing the AI revolution as much as the banking and financial industry. These two sectors are projected to benefit the most out of Artificial Intelligence and machine learning algorithms, platforms, and software. The use of Artificial Intelligence in the banking and financial industry is a rising trend and it is creating a huge impact. Also, this impact can be seen in the Artificial Intelligence job market. So, for grabbing the upcoming job opportunities you must enroll for an Artificial Intelligence Course, Online Training and Certification Course. This technology has completely transformed the traditional methods of handling our money deposited in the bank. At the same time, artificial intelligence in the banking and financial sector has changed the way industries are solving traditional banking problems. The solutions are already widely deployed by several top banks and it has enhanced the banking experience by leaps and bounds. The use of Artificial Intelligence in banking and related industries is more than chatbots. It is a fast-evolving technology that is becoming better and smarter day by day. Due to its numerous benefits, the banking sector remains one of the first adopters of technological innovation. Here is why and how artificial intelligence is contributing to the development of the two industries. But first, let’s understand what is Artificial Intelligence? Artificial Intelligence - All You Need To Know Artificial intelligence is one of the greatest technological innovations by mankind. It is a rapidly developing technology that has emerged as the trend to fulfill the needs and desires of humans to create machinery that could mimic human abilities and perform tasks to reduce human efforts. AI, also known as machine learning, is an offshoot of the field of computer science that uses several other branches of the scientific field to develop AI platforms. Some of the commonly used processes in the development of AI software are learning, reasoning and self-correction. And some of the commonly used applications are knowledge engineering, machine learning, natural language processing, machine vision, expert system, deep learning, robotics, automatic programming, virtual personal assistants, internet of things, translation, simulation modeling and more. The list is huge to list it out here. So far, the technology has successfully able to demonstrate impressive human capabilities such as speech recognition, language recognition, decision making, problem-solving, Q&A, manipulation, and recording of data and objects, learning, planning, reasoning, and mathematical calculations. All of this and more helps in accomplishing redundant, complicated and repetitive human tasks without human intervention and a greater level of accuracy. With the advent of AI in banking and finance, financial institutions are able to serve their customers at a reduced operational cost due to the automated processes. At the same time, the banking procedures that were once considered time-consuming and laborious have become far more convenient and efficient. The automated processes have opened up new avenues that allow banking and financial leaders to explore new management styles. With the help of AI, industry experts are able to analyze a huge amount of data and gather insight that is imperative for the improvement of the business. Data-driven management decisions were once considered a tedious task has now become an effective tool for management-level problems. Banks and financial institutions are most vulnerable to cybercrime and fraudulent behavior. With the adoption of AI, using a predictive approach, they provide a safe and secure environment to financial services and banking institutions. With a large amount of information and a detailed understanding of human psychology, such scenarios can be prevented. Also, AI in finance and banking ensures better and stricter compliance of regulatory policies and standards. Meanwhile, technology ensures convenient banking methods for clients. It empowers customers to use voice assistants or chatbots to perform complex banking procedures efficiently. With the help of natural language processing, this technology can provide answers to the questions of the clients and help them make better decisions with customized solutions. Improved customer service is one of its many great benefits experienced by both employees and customers. Application of Artificial Intelligence in Financial Services: The application of artificial intelligence in financial services have benefited the industry massively. This has led to the rise of bionic advisory the latest trend that used machine calculations and human insight to provide much more efficient advice. Risk assessment in financial sectors is another key segment of banking and financial services experiencing many benefits of the use of Artificial Intelligence in banking. Risk management is one of the most complex fields in financial services which is simplified by machine learning and its intelligence. AI can combine knowledge of market trends, consumer patterns, and potential risks to develop an intelligent solution and perform a risk assessment of various financial services and products. The predictive and proactive analysis can help in the smooth processing of the entire procedure. It is apart from the above-mentioned contributions of AI technology in the banking and financial sector, the technology largely contributed to the most recent revolution, the digitization of bank. With the help of Artificial Intelligence platforms and machine learning software, banks were able to move through the elaborate and complicated process quickly and easily. It allowed the massive shift without disrupting the existing structure and records. Future of Artificial Intelligence in Banking and Finance: Implementations ofAI in banking and finance have benefitted in many ways and it has brought a revolutionary change in the industry. All in all, it offers efficient and customized solutions to the problems related to individuals’ personal fortune. Technology is evolving every day. Scientists and experts have made some devoted efforts to explore the potential and learn and relearn the patterns of AI that can contribute to the banking and financial sector. Due to which, AI has led to the massive development of these two sectors and made some valuable addition to the industries. There is a progressive evolution that is expected to take the experience of banking and financial services several notches higher. Studies suggest that AI can contribute nearly $1 trillion to the Indian economy by 2035. Therefore, many industries including banking and finance are investing in technology in a big way. Read Also: Using Short-Term Loans To Help Rebuild Your Credit Score How Financial Trading Can Give You The Life You Want The Importance Of Saving: The Bedrock Of A Bright Financial Future

WB Trading Reviews

WB Trading Reviews Top 10 Tips For Getting Started In Trading

Trading can be a great way to make money, but it’s also very complex and risky. Whether you’re a novice trader or an experienced investor, understanding the basics of trading is essential for success. Today, this WB Trading review will give you ten tips for trading. Set Realistic Goals Before you start investing, set realistic goals for yourself so that you know what kind of returns you should expect from your investments. This will help keep your expectations in check and prevent disappointment if and when things don’t go as planned. Do your Research It’s essential to do your research before investing in any asset class or financial product. Read up on the types of investments available and compare their features, risks, rewards, and associated costs to decide which is right for you. Manage Risk Risk management is critical when it comes to trading successfully. Ensure you understand the risks associated with each investment before committing any capital to them to minimize losses and maximize gains. Start Small When starting, it’s best to start with small trades and build up your knowledge and experience as time goes on. Once you have more experience, consider increasing the size of your transactions or taking on riskier investments such as derivatives or options contracts. Investigate Fees Fees can eat into profits quickly, so ensure you always investigate the costs associated with any trade before entering it. This way, they don’t cut into your bottom line too much once factored in after a completed transaction. Use Technical Analysis Technical analysis studies financial market price patterns to identify potential profit or capital gains opportunities. This type of analysis involves looking at charts of past market performance to identify patterns that could indicate future price movements, which can tell when to buy or sell an asset for maximum profit potential. Create a Trading Plan A well-developed trading plan should include goals, strategies, risk management plans, and entry or exit points for each trade you make to maximize profits while minimizing losses. A good plan should also include specific rules you follow no matter what happens in the market so that you stay disciplined when making your trades. Make Use of Technology Technology has made it easier for traders of all levels to access markets. Take advantage of online brokers or apps that allow you to monitor trends and open positions quickly and easily from anywhere at any time—this will give you an edge over other traders who are not as tech-savvy or prepared as you may be. Seek Professional Advice If, after studying all available trading resources, you still need help or want professional advice, there's nothing wrong with reaching out. Qualified professionals, such as registered investment advisors or stock brokers who specialize in helping new traders, can help you get started correctly without taking on too much risk early on. They may provide insight into potential opportunities within specific market sectors that could benefit new traders looking for consistent investment returns over time. Monitor Your Trades Regularly Last but certainly not least, once you've opened up positions on certain stocks or assets, make sure that you're regularly monitoring them. This way, if something goes wrong, you'll know what's happening and why those changes are occurring so quickly! This will help prevent losses from bad moves while allowing for more informed decisions when it comes time to close positions or open new ones! Final Thoughts Trading can be profitable if done right, but it’s also a high-risk activity that requires careful consideration at every step. By following the tips in this WB Trading review, traders of all levels can ensure that they set themselves up for success no matter what market conditions prevail at any given time. With some luck and hard work, anyone can become a successful trader! Additional: 5 Best New Cryptocurrencies To Buy in 2022 Is there a Place for Bitcoin in the Fashion World? How Many Types Of Entrepreneurs Are There In 2022? How To Invest In Cryptocurrency Without Buying Any?

Term Insurance Plan

Everything you Need to Know About Term Insurance Plan Premium

Term insurance plan is a type of insurance policy that offers pure life protection to the family of the insured in case of an uncertain demise of the insured person. This is the most basic kind of insurance policy that you can opt for. The premium amount on the term plan is also the lowest as compared to other life insurance policies. What Is A Term Insurance Policy? The term insurance policy offers life coverage for a specific period of time to the family of the policyholder in case of any eventuality. In case the policyholder expires within the tenure of the policy then the nominees get the sum assured amount. If the policyholder, however, survives all through the term plan and the policy expires then no maturity benefit is offered to the policyholder. The term plan is designed in such a way that it protects the family financially in case of the policy holder’s death. The online term plan is also for a set period of time. There is no wealth creation or investment benefit when you invest in a term plan. Term Insurance Plan Offers an Affordable Premium Rate: The offline/ online term insurance plans offer the lowest premium as compared to the other kinds of insurance policies. This is because the plan has no investment component attached to it and it is pure life protection. So in case, the policyholder expires during the policy term then the nominees will get the benefit. However, the term plan has no survival maturity benefit. This makes the term plan different from the other insurance policies that offer a maturity benefit to the policyholder in case the policyholder survives the entire tenure of the policy. How Is The Premium Of The Online Term Plan Calculated? Term insurance is basically a contract that the policyholder and the insurance company get into. The insurance company agrees to financially protect you and your loved ones in case of any eventuality within the policy term. In return for this security, you pay a premium amount to the insurance company. Having an online term plan is a great idea and should be apart of your financial plan. Life is unpredictable and your family could get into a big financial crunch if you leave them without any financial backup. Thus if you are not financially secure then your family could be in big trouble. If you leave without insurance then you may leave your family in big debt and thus you need to make it a priority to protect your family in every possible way. The term insurance plan is simple and the most economical way in which you can insure your life. The insurance plan lets you to financially secure your loved ones even when you are not around. Terminsuranceplansattract a premium amount and thus you need to know first what decides the premium amount that you pay towards the term insurance policy. The Term Plan Premium: The premium of an online term insurance policy is calculated based on some simple aspects. This is the premium rate which is multiplied with the coverage amount that you have chosen. Mathematics and statistics are used to decide the premium rates. The risk is calculated to determine what the term premium is. The risk is basically how likely you are to place a claim. The lower is the risk attached to you the lower is the term insurance policy premium rate. Factors That Affect the Term Insurance Premium Rate: The insurer determines the premium amount based on the various factors when you apply to buy a term insurance plan. Your age Age is one of the most important factors that determine the premium amount of the online term plan. The older you are the more is the premium amount that you will have to pay. This is because as you age you are a higher risk to the insurance company and the chances that you will be claiming the insurance amount is high. This is why it is advised that you get the term insurance plan when you are young. Gender It is studied that women have a higher life expectancy than men. The insurance companies feel that women are less likely to die and thus they are charged a lesser online term plan premium than men of the same age. This is why the premium that is charged for men is higher than that for women. Job profile What your occupation also determines the online term plan premium amount that you will pay. There are some job profiles that are high risk as per the insurer and thus you will have to shell out a huge premium if you are working in any of those profiles. Those that are in some dangerous professions like an army, pilot, etc. have a higher premium rate than those who work in safe working conditions. Geography Where you stay also plays a very vital role in deciding the premium amount. Those places that are less prone to disaster charge you less premium than those places where natural calamities could charge anytime. This includes places that are prone to earthquakes or hurricanes. BMI Your body mass index is calculated by the insurance company. If you are overweight then you are likely to suffer from medical conditions like heart diseases and thus you will be paying a higher premium towards the life insurance policy. Smoking Smokers have a lower life expectancy and thus if you smoke then get ready to shell out extra towards the term insurance policy. This is because smokers have a high probability of having cancer and lung disorders. The cost of premiums can vary more wildly for smokers than non-smokers, so it is even more important to compare quotes. You could use a comparison website or a regulated broker such as Reassured. Alcohol If you drink a lot then you could be prone to health problems related to alcohol. This is something that is considered when calculating your insurance premium. Medical history Your past medical state is also considered to calculate the premium amount. If you have ever suffered from illness in the past then this could cause the life insurance premium to increase. Also if your family member had some life-threatening disease at an early age then this could cause you to pay a higher premium towards the term insurance plan. This is because you are likely to get affected by the same disease at a later stage in your life. Adventure Sports If you are into adventure sports then you are likely to die having met with an accident. If you are too much involved in adventure sports then the premium charged to you will be higher. Other factors There are many other factors that could affect the premium that you pay towards term insurance policies. This includes your travel history, marital status and whether you have chosen for an additional rider. Every factor of your life determines how much premium you will be paying towards an insurance policy. It is important that you declare them all when buying a term insurance policy. There is no point keeping the insurer in the dark because in case they get to know about it after then they would reject the claim. Thus your whole purpose of having a term insurance plan in the first place gets nullified. How Much Premium Do You Need To Pay Towards Your Term Insurance Plan? If you are wondering how much premium you would have to pay towards your term insurance plan then here you go. You could use a term insurance premium calculator that will be available for you to use for free on the website. All that you will have to do is to key in some details required and this will calculate the premium amount for you. How much insurance coverage you will need is dependent on your age mostly. You need to add your present income and multiply it roughly with 15 and then add any of the outstanding debts or loans to it. This will give you an approximate amount of the coverage that you need. This just gives you an approximate amount. You will also have to figure out the premium based on your retirement age, present age, inflation, liabilities that are existing and other needs. It is important that you consider the information and put in as much information as required and accurately you can come up with the most approximate figure. Some of the details that will be required when you use the online calculator are your name and age, purchase year, tax liability, date of birth, gender, total coverage amount, etc. You can use the term insurance premium calculator to get a rough amount of premium that will be charged towards your term insurance plan. Choosing the Best Term Insurance Plan- Term Insurance Comparison It could be a little tricky to decide on the best term insurance plan. You need to keep the following things in mind to make an informed choice. The reputation of the insurance company Coverage required The claim settlement ratio of the company Factors that could affect the coverage Terms and conditions associated with different companies Online or offline term insurance plan purchase. All these will let you decide on the term insurance premium calculator on the best term insurance plan for your needs. The premium of the term insurance plan is comparatively lower than any other insurance plan that offers life coverage. It is however advised that you buy a term plan because it offers higher life coverage for a very low premium amount. Read Also: 5 Must-Have Long-Term Goals For A Secure Future 10 Estate Planning Tips To Help You Prepare For The End