How To Grow Tomatoes From Seed

Published on: 28 April 2017 Last Updated on: 29 May 2021

If you are an avid tomato grower you’re probably envious of all the different varieties that other growers talk about, but that you can’t find transplants for in your area. In many cases, those growers are growing tomatoes from seed.

Growing tomatoes from seed really isn’t that difficult, as long as you understand a few basic things. Well, I will walk you through this process below. Read on.

Why is it necessary to start tomato seeds early?

Tomato seeds planted in the garden won’t germinate until the ground is warm enough. What’s the ideal ground temperature? They germinate best at temperatures in the 70-80 degree range.

If you plant seeds directly into the ground, odds are the summer will be too short for tomatoes to become productive before the end of the growing season unless you live in one of the warmest climates in the US.

The days to harvest number that is on a packageof tomato seeds assumes that you are using transplants.


To decide if your area is warm enough to plant directly in the ground, add 30-50 days to that number. So if it says 90 days you would need 120-140 days of temperatures above 70 degrees to get your first ripe tomato if you plant the seeds in the ground!

When should I start my seeds?

Most people who are growing tomatoes from seed start 4 6 weeks before the last expected spring frost date in their area. You need to wait to plant the seedlings outdoors about 2 weeks after that date when the soil has warmed up to at least 50 degrees.

The date you start growing tomatoes from seed can vary depending on the space you have available and the length of your growing season.


First, you need to gather some important items:

  1. Containers: Start with clean, sterile containers to grow your tomato transplants in.
    Your local garden center or big box store should have seed starting kits that consist of a black plastic tray with peat pots or plastic inserts and a clear plastic dome cover that fits over the top.

If you’re only starting a few seeds, you may want to just plant them in paper or foam cups with holes punched in the bottoms.

Many of us like to save money and reuse flats or recycle containers like plastic milk jugs for starting seeds. This is fine as long as you wash them thoroughly and then sanitize in a 10% bleach solution (1 cup bleach in 10 cups of water).

Note: Be sure whatever container you use has drainage holes in the bottom so that excess water can drain out.

  1. Lights: You cannot grow a healthy transplant without proper light. Even a sunny, south-facing window is not really adequate. Using a led grow light or fluorescent light on a timer that it is on for 12 hours and then off for 12 hours, will ensure that when you are growing tomatoes from seed your plants get all the light they need to grow properly.

You will need to plan a way to raise the lights so that the top leaves of the plants are 2- 3î below the lights. One method is to use a wire shelving unit. The chain that comes with a fluorescent shop light works perfectly to hang it from the shelf above your plants.

  1. Growing Media: Use fresh, sterile germination mix labeled for seed starting. These mixes are usually peat-based and do not contain garden soil.

Tip: More than 50% of people who are growing tomatoes from seed for the first time lose their seedlings to damping-off disease. This fatal disease can literally wipe out your seedlings overnight. Starting with sterile containers and soil mix will greatly decrease the chance of your seedlings becoming infected.

Read also: How To Choose The Right Containers For Your Container Garden

Growing tomatoes from seed are the only way to have the very best tasting and old fashioned heirloom varieties which are not usually available as nursery started plants.

Read also: Does Organic Gardening Improve Soil Quality?

Lucia Patterson is the woman behind TheLegalGuides, a blog solely focused on legal guides, tips, and advice. Lucia loves essay writing and blogs at EssayWritingGuides from her college days.

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Trailing Indoor Plants

10 Best Trailing Indoor Plants To Buy In 2022

Your dream house needs some ornaments and decorations to stand out as the queen of all houses in your neighborhood. With trailing indoor plants, you can add the green your beautiful home was missing all this time. For the urban dwellers, it is almost impossible to live inside the greenery. But, using indoor trailing plants, you can bring the green into your house. Indoor plants are the lively jewelry of your home decoration, and it is no secret. It is only with the green plants that the brick walls and your house's concrete get the touch of life. Hanging a few vines here and there from the pots can add the touch of the goddess of green vines to your home. You can keep a trail of the indoor plants on the railing of the staircase. You can hang some of them from the porch ceiling of your house. Maybe you can keep one or two containing some low-light plants for the interior? As you start to live with the green, you add extra life and vivacity to your life. So now, if I have got you even a little bit interested in the indoor trailing plants, allow me to introduce you to the best trailing indoor plants that you can decorate your house with. 10 Best Trailing Indoor Plants You can invite the wild indoors with these incredibly pretty green trailing indoor plants mentioned in this article. 1. Trailing Indoor Plants: Golden Pothos Golden pothos is just as beautiful as healthy for your surrounding environment. Not only can they thrive in the low light, but they also keep the air around you pure and refreshed. They help eliminate odors and cleanse the air within your home with formaldehyde, benzene, and carbon monoxide. If you have to stare at the computer screen all day long, you can look at them to reduce the irritation. As for decorating the interior, it is one of the most beautiful trailing indoor plants that you can hang from the ceiling of your room or the balcony. Read More: Grow these flowering plants in your home garden 2. Trailing Indoor Plants: Satin Pothos Scindapsus pictus' Exotica' or satin pothos is another vine you can keep within your home. It grows slowly, and the beautiful green leaves are splashed with silver color. This plant takes only a little water to grow within low light. When 2 cm of the compost goes dry, you can water them. Even NASA recommends these plants for the refinement of indoor air. The satin pothos are easy to propagate, and they are low maintenance. Many people keep them as good luck charms. If you have a flower vase with a stand in the drawing-room, you can place one of these plants there. 3. Trailing Indoor Plants: String Of Pearls One of my favorites, Senecio Rowleyanus, or String of pearls, is another pretty member that you can add to your drawing room. The skinny stems of this plant grow green bubbles as if they are green pearls. During winter, tiny white flowers grow out of the String of pearls plants. These are cascading plants, and they can be the attraction of your home decor. It is a pretty trailing indoor plant that grows in low light and dry air. I will suggest you make a trail of these indoor green pearls. You can hang them from baskets or use a shelf to arrange a trail of baskets containing the String of pearls. 4. Trailing Indoor Plants: Burro's Trail You can easily grow, propagate, and maintain the Burro's trails. However, if you are worried about your children and pets, then allow me to assure you that these trailing indoor plants pose no harm to them. They are nonpoisonous plants and are easy to grow and maintain. You can lay them on top of a pot full of compost and grow them quickly within a few days' notice. The plant also requires minimal watering. You can water them when the 2 cm of the compost is dry. You can decorate the interior with a few small baskets of the Burro's tail hanging from the ceiling. Or, you can also keep them on top of the tables in the dining room. You May Like To Read: 4 Essential Tools Needed to Maintain Your Garden in the Winter 5. Trailing Indoor Plants: Red Herringbone Plant Maranta leuconeura, Red herringbone plant, also known as the prayer plant, is another beauty to decorate your interior. The attractive patterns of this plant will amaze you both during the day and at night. Growing this plant may take a little experience. They require only a little water, but you need to water these plants when the pot is dry. The prayer plant is one of the most common trailing indoor plants, which you can place on the table. 6. Trailing Indoor Plants: String Of Hearts Also known as the Chain of hearts, sweet vines, rosary vines, String of hearts is another pretty indoor trailing plant. These are easy to grow and propagate. They have tiny leaves with pink and purple shades, making your interior look prettier as they grow and thrive across your balcony. In addition, they create the best contrastive combination with a white wall or ceiling. If you are a beginner and not much of a career giver, the String of hearts will bear with you. This plant grows within low light and requires minimum water. 7. Trailing Indoor Plants: Boston Fern Do you want to keep a vase full of green and lively ferns on the tea table? If your need is something similar, you can consider giving the Boston ferns someplace within your house. You can hang them from the ceiling or shelves. But unlike the other plants here, they are attention seekers. They need your daily care; from ample lights, humidity and regular watering are a must. Do you have space beside your window? If you do, you can put them there. They shed dead leaves, so you also need to groom them occasionally. They are also excellent givers. And they keep the interior air fresh and maintain the moisture within the house. 8. Trailing Indoor Plants: Chain Of Cactus Rhipsalis paradoxa minor, or the Chain of cactus, grows pretty-looking white flowers during the spring. However, the winter stimulates the growth of these pretty flowers. These trailing interior plants are rich in antioxidants and vitamin C. These are best for big hanging pots. You can keep a wide vase full of the Chain of cactus and let them grow wildly. They require minimum water and light, although you need to be a little experienced to grow them properly. You May Also Like This: Best Material for Garden Sheds: A Guide for Everyone 9. Trailing Indoor Plants: Grape Ivy These trailing indoor plants are pretty underrated. The grape ivy is a good air purifier; they require moderate or low light to thrive within your interior. They also have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits. You can hang one or two baskets of the grape ivy inside and be amazed as they keep shining while getting older. 10. Trailing Indoor Plants: Maidenhair Fern The cousin of the Boston ferns, not too distant from its relative, the maidenhair ferns take after the qualities of the Boston ferns. They also require lots of care, ample light, and regular watering. They indeed maintain the various hues of greenkeeping a dazzling look within the interior of your house. These trailing indoor plants possess anti-thyroidal, anti-diabetic, antifungal, wound healing, and anti-hair loss properties. So not only are they pretty, but they are quite beneficial for your health as well. Let The Trailing Indoor Plants Decorate Your Home Most of these plants only take a little care and light to grow healthy within the interior of your house. You can go from little pots of green plants to large vases full of them to decorate your interior wildly. These plants have some health benefits like refreshing the interior air or cleansing it. They are also good at keeping the air humid. If you are looking for such plants, I suggest you choose from any of these vines, pothos, cactuses, and ferns. Also, if you think that we have missed out on any valuable plant, you can let us know through the comment. Read Also: Garden Edging for Beginners How To Arrive At The Perfect Choice Of A Potting Bench For Your Gardening How To Install Artificial Grass In Your Garden – Installation Guide Step By Step

how to harvest asparagus-

Asparagus 101: When, How, And How Often To Harvest?

If you are a gardener like me, you must have thought about harvesting greens that you eat at restaurants at your house. One of these days, I was with my friends from my university, and we were discussing the importance of eating veggies for staying healthy. And they could not figure out the best ways to effectively do so. Reading my previous blog about cilantro, Laila asked me, “how to grow and harvest asparagus?” Well, surely asparagus is one of the most delicious and nutritious vegetables you can grow in your garden. But what a lot of people do not know is that it's also one of the easiest once you know how to harvest asparagus properly. In this article, I will cover everything you need to know about harvesting asparagus, from when to start, how to cut, and how often to do it. Additionally, I will also share some tips on how to store and freeze asparagus, as well as the benefits of eating this green wonder. So, keep on reading till the end to learn more...  How Does Asparagus Grow? Before I dive into the seemingly difficult process of how to harvest asparagus, let me help you grow it.  Asparagus is a perennial plant that grows from a crown of roots that can live for up to 20 years. The crown produces spears, which are the edible part of the plant, every spring. The spears grow rapidly, sometimes up to an inch per day, and can reach a height of 6 to 10 inches. The spears are harvested before they open into fern-like leaves, which are edible and tough. Asparagus grows best in well-drained, sandy soil with a pH of 6.5 to 7.5. It prefers full sun and moderate temperatures and needs regular watering and fertilizing. Asparagus can be grown from seeds or crowns, but crowns are easier and faster to establish. Crowns are planted in trenches about 12 to 18 inches apart and covered with 2 to 3 inches of soil. As the spears emerge, more soil is added until the trench is filled Benefits of Asparagus Asparagus is not only tasty, but also healthy. It's low in calories and high in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants just like spinach. It can help lower blood pressure, regulate blood sugar, support digestion, and prevent urinary tract infections. Asparagus also contains a compound called asparagine, which is a natural diuretic that helps flush out excess fluids and salts from the body. Asparagus is also a good source of folate, which is essential for pregnant women and fetal development When to Harvest Asparagus? The first year after planting, you should not harvest any asparagus spears, as they need to grow and strengthen the root system. The second year, you can harvest a few spears for a short period, about two to three weeks. The third year and beyond, you can harvest asparagus for a longer period, up to eight weeks, depending on the climate and the health of the plants. The best time to harvest asparagus is in the early morning when the spears are crisp and tender. You should harvest asparagus when the spears are about 6 to 10 inches tall, and before the tips start to open up. If you wait too long, the spears will become woody and bitter. How to Plant and Care for Asparagus? Asparagus is a long-term investment that can reward you with years of delicious harvests. However, it requires some planning and preparation before planting.   Here are some steps to follow to plant and care for asparagus:  Choose the Day  Choose a sunny and well-drained spot in your garden, preferably with sandy or loamy soil. Avoid areas where water tends to pool or where weeds are hard to control. Asparagus also needs plenty of space, so make sure you have at least 4 to 5 feet between rows and 12 to 18 inches between plants. Prepare the Soil  Prepare the soil by adding organic matter, such as compost or manure, and adjusting the pH to 6.5 to 7.5. You can use a soil test kit to check the pH and nutrient levels of your soil. You may also need to add some fertilizer, such as 10-10-10 or 10-20-10, to boost the phosphorus and potassium content. Dig it Deep Dig a trench about 8 to 12 inches deep and 12 to 18 inches wide. You can make the trench longer or shorter depending on how many asparagus crowns you have. Asparagus crowns are the dormant roots of the plant that you can buy from nurseries or online. They usually have one-year-old or two-year-old crowns, which are more reliable and productive than seeds. Fertilize Spread some fertilizer along the bottom of the trench, about 2 pounds per 100 square feet. Then, cover the fertilizer with 2 to 3 inches of soil, forming a ridge in the center of the trench. Placing the Plant Place the asparagus crowns on top of the ridge, about 12 to 18 inches apart, with the buds facing up. The crowns should be slightly below the soil surface, about 1 to 2 inches deep. Do not bury them too deep, as this will delay the emergence of the spears. Focus on the Crown Cover the crowns with another 2 to 3 inches of soil, and water well. As the spears grow, gradually fill in the trench with more soil, until it is level with the ground. This will help protect the crowns from frost and weeds. Add Mulch  Mulch the bed with straw, leaves, or wood chips, to conserve moisture and prevent weeds. You can also add some organic fertilizer, such as fish emulsion or seaweed extract, every few weeks during the growing season, to encourage healthy growth. Keep in Mind Do not harvest any asparagus spears in the first year, as they need to establish a strong root system. In the second year, you can harvest a few spears for a short period, about two to three weeks. In the third year and beyond, you can harvest asparagus for a longer period, up to eight weeks, depending on the climate and the health of the plants. How to Harvest Asparagus? Now, coming to the most important part that you wanted to know about. Let us talk about the ways to harvest asparagus! To harvest asparagus, you need a sharp knife or a pair of scissors. You should cut the spears at the base, about an inch below the soil surface. Be careful not to damage the crown or the emerging spears. You should also avoid cutting too many spears from one plant, as this will weaken the plant and reduce the yield. A good rule of thumb is to leave at least one-third of the spears on each plant. You should harvest asparagus every day or every other day, depending on how fast the spears grow. You should stop harvesting asparagus when the spears become thinner than a pencil, as this indicates that the plant is running out of energy. You should then let the spears grow into ferns, which will replenish the crown and prepare it for the next season. How to Store and Freeze Asparagus? Unlike lettuce, which you can store for more than a week, asparagus is best eaten fresh, as it loses its flavor and texture quickly. If you can't eat it right away, you should store it in the refrigerator for up to a week. To keep it fresh, you should trim the ends of the spears and stand them upright in a glass of water or wrap them in a damp paper towel and put them in a plastic bag. If you want to preserve asparagus for longer, you can freeze it. To freeze asparagus, you should first wash and trim the spears, and then blanch them in boiling water for two to three minutes, depending on the thickness.  Blanching is a process of briefly cooking and cooling the vegetables to stop the enzyme activity that causes them to spoil.  After blanching, you should drain and cool the spears, and then pack them in freezer bags or containers, leaving some space for expansion. You can freeze asparagus for up to a year, and use it in soups, casseroles, or stir-fries. How to Prevent and Treat Asparagus Pests and Diseases?  Asparagus is generally a hardy and resilient plant, but it can still suffer from some pests and diseases that can affect its growth and quality. Here are some of the most common problems that affect asparagus plants, and how to prevent or treat them: Asparagus beetles These are small, black or red beetles that feed on the spears and the ferns, causing them to wilt and turn brown. They can also lay eggs on the spears, which hatch into larvae that chew on the stems and leaves. To prevent asparagus beetles, you should keep the area around the plants clean and weed-free, and remove any old or damaged spears. To treat asparagus beetles, you can hand-pick them and their eggs, or spray them with insecticidal soap or neem oil. Fusarium wilt This is a fungal disease that infects the roots and the crowns of the plants, causing them to rot and die. It can also cause the spears to become yellow, twisted, and stunted. Fusarium wilt is more likely to occur in poorly drained, acidic, or infested soil.   To prevent fusarium wilt, you should plant disease-resistant varieties, rotate crops, and avoid overwatering or injuring the plants. To treat fusarium wilt, you should remove and destroy any infected plants, and apply fungicides to the soil. Rust This is another fungal disease that affects the ferns, causing them to develop orange or brown spots and pustules. Rust can reduce the vigor and yield of the plants, and make them more susceptible to other diseases. Rust is more likely to occur in humid, wet, or shady conditions.   To prevent rust, you should plant resistant varieties, space the plants well, and prune any excess or infected ferns. To treat rust, you should apply fungicides to the ferns, and avoid watering them from above. Crown rot This is a bacterial disease that causes the crowns and the bases of the spears to become soft, mushy, and foul-smelling. Crown rot can spread quickly and kill the plants. Crown rot is more likely to occur in wet, compacted, or poorly drained soil. To prevent crown rot, you should plant healthy crowns, improve the drainage and aeration of the soil, and avoid overwatering or injuring the plants. To treat crown rot, you should remove and destroy any infected plants, and disinfect the tools and the soil. Bonus: How to Cook and Enjoy Asparagus?  There are many ways to cook and enjoy asparagus, from steaming, boiling, roasting, grilling, to sautéing. The key is not to overcook it, as it will become mushy and lose its flavor. You should cook asparagus until it is bright green and crisp-tender, which usually takes about 5 to 10 minutes, depending on the method and the thickness of the spears. You can season asparagus with salt, pepper, butter, lemon juice, garlic, herbs, cheese, or any other condiments you like. You can also pair asparagus with eggs, bacon, ham, chicken, fish, pasta, rice, or salad. Asparagus is a versatile and delicious vegetable that can complement any meal. Wrapping It Up! Asparagus is a wonderful vegetable that you can grow and harvest in your own garden. It's easy to care for, once you know how to harvest asparagus properly. You should harvest asparagus when the spears are about 6 to 10 inches tall and before the tips start to open up. You should cut the spears at the base and leave some on the plant to grow into ferns. It would be best to store asparagus in the refrigerator for later use. And yes, you should also enjoy the many benefits and flavors of asparagus, by cooking it in various ways and pairing it with different dishes. Asparagus is a springtime delight that you don't want to miss. Learn More About: Planting & Harvesting Mint 7 Health Benefits of Black Seed Oil Spirulina: The Complete Plant Based Protein Source | Health Benefits

Landscape Lighting Tips

Create A Stunning Outdoor Space With These Residential Landscape Lighting Tips

When you think about landscaping, you probably think about visiting a nursery to pick out plants or planting flowers to create a beautiful accent garden. Flowers, plants, and trees are only one part of the equation, however. You also need to think about how your landscape will look after the sun goes down. Residential landscape lighting can enhance the look of your home after dark, drawing attention to key architectural details of your house and highlighting the beautiful plants that surround it. Use these tips to boost your home's curb appeal today. Understand that landscape lighting goes beyond solar path lights Lighting up your landscape involves far more than just sticking a few solar lights along the edge of your sidewalk and calling it good. Instead, it is about creating a specific feeling in your yard after the sun goes down. When done correctly, landscape lighting can transform your outdoor space, turning it into a beautiful accent for your home. This type of lighting is not only meant to be functional but also to enhance the look and feel of your home. Decide what you hope to achieve Before you start picking out lights and deciding where to place them, come up with an overall plan for what you hope to achieve. Are you trying to make your yard safer by lighting up your sidewalk or patio area? Do you want to create a well-lit area where you can entertain? Do you want to draw attention to certain areas of your home, highlighting its unique architecture? Are you trying to improve the security of your property? By identifying your objectives before you begin, you can do a much better job of designing a lighting setup that will help you achieve your goals. Take care of an essential lighting first There are certain parts of your yard that should definitely be lit. Here are some of the key components that you should include in your overall design: Pathway lights. Any sidewalks, pathways, or entrances should be well lit to make it easy for people to see. Driveway lighting. You should incorporate plenty of light in your driveway area so that you can get to and from your car with ease. Stairs. If you have stairs leading up to your home, make sure that they are well illuminated so that people don't trip and fall. Patios or decks. Any outdoor gathering area should incorporate lighting so that it can be used after dark. Trees. If you have any trees that you want to highlight, you can easily do it with lighting. Key architectural features. You can use lighting to enhance the architecture of your home. If you have any water features on your property, you should also consider lighting them.  Choose LED lights Rather than going with halogen bulbs, opt for LED lighting. Not only do these bulbs last a long time but they are extremely energy-efficient. A single bulb can last as long as 100,000 hours. That means that you won't have to replace them often - an important consideration since outdoor lighting fixtures are not always easily accessible. LED lights can also stand up to the elements, making them perfect for use outdoors. No matter how bad the weather gets, you shouldn't have to worry about your lighting. Another advantage of LED lights is that they are extremely versatile. You can change everything from the color of the light to its intensity. This can allow you to create a completely customized look for your outdoor space. Read More : Secrets To The Perfect Bedroom Light Incorporate multiple types of lighting to create an interesting design Your residential landscape lighting design should include ambient lighting, which is lighting that shines over the entire space. It should also incorporate task lighting, which is used to provide illumination for tasks like cooking. Finally, it should also include accent lighting, which is used to draw attention to certain features of your yard. For instance, you could put a spotlight on a tree to draw attention to it. Incorporating all three types of lighting will help create a balanced, professional look that will set your yard apart from others in your neighborhood. Read More: Give Amazing Look Using Balloon Centerpieces In Wedding Smart Fun Gardening: How To Take Care Of A Money Tree Seven Simple Ways For Achieving Cozy Bedroom Environment: For Perfectly Night Sleep Using Feng Shui In Your Bathroom Design Experts Recommend: Top Interior Design Trends For 2017 Mirror Decorating Ideas To Style Your Bathroom