Process Mining and Data Privacy – Key Points to Remember


The global pandemic of 2020 was challenging for frontline workers, the public, and businesses. Besides a dwindling economy, governments and organizations suffered various setbacks, including exponential data thefts. Security incidents became more costly and harder to contain for the latter due to a drastic operational shift. As per experts, the cost of a data breach reached a record high, shelling $4.24 million per incident on average from affected ventures.

As more businesses migrate to the digital world, data security becomes a reason for severe migraine for owners. Keeping the incidents and the present situation in mind, the European Union introduced the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) for improved data privacy controls for EU citizens. GDPR requires a thorough evaluation of every software application before its implementation to prevent possible data breaches and loss of customers, employees, and corporate data. Automatically, business process management solutions, like process mining, RPA, automated process discovery, and others, fall under the tight scrutiny of GDPR data privacy guidelines.

Process Mining in Business Process Management – A Brief Overview


Process mining is an intelligent technology solution enabling owners to build a reliable visual map of business processes elaborating how every task within a process is executed. It captures employee-software system interactions and converts data into event logs. This provides an overview of end-to-end processes.

Process mining tools provide task and process insights to evaluate task executions for scaling improvement opportunities. These insights also support informed decision-making pertaining to process efficiencies and complexities.

Process mining bridges the gap between traditional model-based processes and data-centric processes for further analysis. There are three basic types of process mining; namely, process discovery to discover a process model capturing the behavior in an event log (collection of events), conformance checking for identifying commonalities and discrepancies between a process model and an event log, and process re-engineering to improve a process model using event logs. In a human-centric process, each event comprises a case identifier, an activity name, a timestamp, and optional attributes such as resources or costs. Usually, a case identifier refers to individuals and includes much personal data. And herein lies the significance of improving data security.

The Importance of Data Security in Process Mining

Automated process mining relies heavily on enterprise data and captures confidential information about the company or the clients. Data collected during the mining of processes are categorized under the following datasets:

Key identifiers: These datasets contain unique information identifying individuals, such as their full names and social security numbers.

Quasi-identifiers: These datasets are considered indirect identification of individuals—for example, gender, age, and postal code.

Sensitive attributes: Information related to salary, payment, financial statements, and others are private and sensitive for individuals or companies.

Insensitive attributes: These datasets contain general or non-risky information not covered by the other features.

Given the confidential and sensitive nature of the above-mentioned data, attention to cybersecurity in process mining has gained momentum recently. Also, third parties can offer the latter; therefore, choosing providers with secure products and processes is equally crucial. Any breach in data security can prove costly for the company owners and tarnish customer/client/partner relationships.

But the shared responsibility of protecting critical information should rest upon employees. After all, it is said that the usual source of security incidents are current employees and, in certain instances, ex-workers.

Respective teams, while handling information, should protect sensitive data at every step of task execution. In order to achieve the same, decisions regarding data transparency and usage should be made aforehand. Most specifically, such decisions involve the type of data used, data extraction methods, data accessibility, data protection, and compliance requirements.

On the other hand, process mining can be leveraged to detect silent internal attacks on data. It can quickly identify abnormal behavior in the company’s internal network and indicate apparent security breaches.

Therefore, data is integral to process mining, and the security of which should be the core objective of software applications and associated teams.

Key Privacy Metrics in Process Mining

In order to evaluate the privacy of specific data, owners should decide on particular metrics for measurement. These privacy metrics tally the security level of each data in terms of disclosure and are broadly categorized under the following sub-heads:

Bounded knowledge: Data is restricted with specific rules to avoid disclosing confidential information.

Need to know: The unnecessary data is eliminated from the system to prevent any breach. This metric controls data access.

Protected from disclosure: Data confidentiality is observed during data mining using the classification method.

Data quality metrics: These metrics measure the loss of information/benefit, while the complexity criteria validate the efficiency and scalability of different techniques within this scope.

Process Mining and Data Capture – Key Points to Consider

Since process mining extracts granular data at the process level, care is taken to ensure that any new process doesn’t come into conflict with personal data policies. Owners should also ascertain that software solutions for mining processes comply with the specific data security requirements. Therefore, people involved with the entire system must consider a few data capture points.

Access to raw data: The process mining team requires access to corporate data to understand what’s most important for analysis. Here, the company can choose and grant access to specific datasets for further research.

Choose the right strategy: Besides mining processes for raw insights, the team also translates the raw data into broad terms and updates it into dashboards. Later on, the respective team can decide what features to focus on.

Filter: Occasionally, the company tracks information that doesn’t require further analysis for specific processes. In this case, the data can simply be omitted from the system. Datasets that are sensitive or do not directly impact the business analysis outcome are deleted to maintain the focus only on valid and relevant data.

Pseudonymization: Encrypting the information to protect the confidentiality of sensitive information prevents users from correlating them to real data specific, like specific names, addresses, or other PII data. For instance, if the company wishes to maintain secrecy about employees directly involved with process-related tasks can follow this approach. Here, the case identifier’s name is replaced with numbers.

Anonymization: This is similar to pseudonymization, where the names are replaced with unique pseudonyms instead of numbers. Hence, unauthorized users cannot identify individuals’ names or confidential information about them from the available data.


Besides handling data in bulk daily, enterprises using online systems leave behind their digital footprints. These footprints are valuable data captured by process mining to examine how employees execute each process and sub-tasks. Needless to say, mining for such insights is done with the company’s best interests in mind, namely, to optimize operations and resources and derive maximum value.

However, such datasets carry sensitive information of various interested parties, any breach of which can prove highly hazardous for all. Therefore, data is the primary source for process miners to carry out their objectives, but the company must ensure the data is handled with care. Hence, data security is a significant factor in process mining.

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Construction Technology

3 New Age Engineering & Construction Technology

As technology continues to improve, we could expect that it would continue to transform the construction industry for the better. There will be remarkable improvements in terms of safety, efficiency, mobility, collaboration, and many more. The new age of engineering and construction technology would make way to more significant innovations, and to support that, here are the 3 modern age engineering and construction technology to look forward to. 1. Mobile Solutions for Onsite Execution: More often than not, some of the most significant problems in the construction industry take place onsite. This leads to the development of different mobile solutions that could integrate workflows, improve productivity and safety, and best of all, ensure the attributes in the field. There are also innovative tools that focus on field productivity, and it provides numerous capabilities that allow real-time tracking of crew deployment, project staffing management, onsite productivity, and monitor worker level strictly. One great example of this would be the active tools that are capable of tracking the working hours every time the members are onsite, and this was made possible because the data being analyzed with wearable GPS devices, construction signs, and the like that allows construction workers to input information regarding their activities, working hours, location, and many more. Aside from that, there are also technologies that allow construction workers in the field, or anywhere else to have remote access to the central unit and be able to evaluate crucial project information in real time. This could lead to higher productivity, and it would also eliminate irrelevant data handling. There are also various work applications that allow companies to pull off project staffing among workers. With onsite execution, it also leads to an improvement in terms of safety. The solution includes various tools that allow real-time reporting and tracking of safety concerns and incidents through workers putting in data onto mobile devices, such as tablets, smartphones, and the like. This promotes a faster response to issues, and it also provides better data for users. Likewise, there are a lot of solutions that allow safety warnings and tips to be part of the whole workforce which are delivered through real-time alerts. Even quality assurance is affected positively. Project managers can now check remote sites through photos take in the field and tagged with several information, such as geographic coordinates while workers in the field update and track everything in real time. The function of GPS during projects is also promoted. This usually includes transportation and other aspects that are part of the on-site execution. Through this, construction experts believe that there would be better quality-control systems through the combination of AI and new technologies with other tools like GPS and BIM. 2. Digitization of Almost Everything: There's a wide range of innovative solutions that are being developed to promote back office functions and if possible, use this to exploit useful project data. A lot of these tools focus on offering project managers, as well as the staff members real-time access to back-office data through the use of their mobile devices. Some of the most critical components of back-office integration solutions include managing equipment, scheduling, materials, data planning, and so on. With scheduling solutions, tasks can now be worked on, assigned, and delivered in real time. What does this imply? Everything could be provided in real time, wherein the workers would be able to save their valuable time. There are also tools for materials that make it possible for necessary construction materials to be easily identified, located, and tracked across the whole supply chain through GPS tracking, or even with the use of mobile data input. Furthermore, equipment management solutions also allow monitoring and management of the construction-equipment fleet. 3. Digital Collaboration Made Possible: There are various parties involved with successfully working a construction project. Included in this are the engineers, project managers, and construction workers. It's essential for them to communicate frequently to ensure that they're on the same page. With mobile solutions, it allows a more effective collaboration, and it also provides that the entire party would have the idea of what exactly is happening in the construction site. Aside from that, there are also state-of-the-art management tools that managers can use to easily share information with other workers during the pre-construction and construction phases. Read Also: How Does Fibre Optic Technology Work Best Uses For Stainless Steel In Construction 5 Ways Construction Businesses Can Gain New Clients Timber! 8 Facts About Log Cabin Construction You Should Know

dist drive

How to Securely wipe your confidential Data from a Hard Drive

The modern era of technology has significantly transformed the traditional data management and storage system. Data security has become a crucial issue in the current data-driven world, which can’t be neglected at any cost. One of the significant things that people usually ignore is the importance of wiping unnecessary confidential data on their hard drives. One should ensure that their company’s crucial data is wiped properly from the hard drives so that there are no chances of a data leak. Here we’ll discuss the importance of secure wiping of the data from your hard drive, and provide adequate information regarding the wiping process. [caption id="attachment_4030" align="aligncenter" width="650"] .[/caption] Consider a Third-Party Formatting Tool Simple formatting of the hard drive may seem to be fruitful, but the harsh reality is; formatting doesn’t wipe the hard disk. Many of us are unaware of the fact that formatting a hard drive does not wipe a hard drive, and there are chances that your data can be recovered easily. Sometimes people prefer formatting a portion of their hard drive to ensure permanent erasing of data. Few things must be kept in mind while formatting a hard drive and the most important thing is; one cannot simply wipe a hard drive by deleting a portion or sector of the drive. You need to use special software that is capable of erasing the data on the hard drive permanently. You can use third-party software that is available on the internet for permanent wiping of the data from your hard disk. Furthermore, it is advised that one should prefer a renowned product, which can offer reliable performance without leaving any chance of security breach. Steps involved in wiping the data from hard disk Here is the step by step procedure for permanent wiping of your hard drive by using third-party software. First of all, back up all your necessary documents or files that you need in the future, and save them to some other drive or storage media. Once you are ready with the hard drive, you can download a hard drive wiping tool that can easily format the drive permanently. One can easily get freeware software from the internet. It is advised to consider paid software for the genuineness of the product. One should also check the configuration of the system before downloading the product to ensure compatibility Now install the software on your system and connect the hard drive that needs to be formatted. Ensure that you connect the drive properly in the port. Once you see the hard drive connected to the system, you can run the program. Follow the instructions on your screen, and you will be guided Be patient; the entire procedure takes a couple of minutes to wipe the data off your hard drive permanently. Once your hard drive is wiped completely, you will see a message displaying the message that the task is completed. Disconnect the hard drive from your computer/laptop and reconnect it to check whether the data is erased or not. Choosing reliable software for wiping the data is essentially important from the security point of view, especially if you are involved in a business that relies on data. Hiring Professional Data Destruction Agency Choosing a reliable data destruction agency can be the finest way to erase the data from your hard drives permanently. The professional service providers are expert in their field and make the use of the latest software for destroying old data from the hard drive. Furthermore, these service providers offer hard drive destruction services that can eventually leave no chances of recovering the data. Hard drive destruction involves physically destroying the hard drive by using top-notch machinery that converts your drive into pieces. When it comes to data wiping, one should always choose a reliable service provider. Moreover, the tips mentioned above help in securely wiping your hard drives while ensuring proper security. Read More:  An Overview Of An Intuitive Inventory Management Tips To Fix ERR_SPDY_PROTOCOL_ERROR Permanently In Chrome 7 Reasons Why You Should Be Using A CDN With WordPress


How Should A Newbie Get Along With a PDF To JPG Converter

Since the digital space is increasing its presence in people's lives, people are trying to learn new techniques of using the internet in the best ways possible. There are several uses of the internet, which can make your life easy. The new generation that is being brought up is very well equipped with technology and the internet.  Most of the operations of various companies have also shifted online. However, people still struggle with small tasks such as converting documents from one format to another. If you want to get your work done, then you need to learn the techniques to convert PDF to JPG, PDF into Word, JPG into Text, and other such formatting skills. This guide can help you understand the working of PDF to JPG converters if you are a beginner. Open a conversion site First of all, you need to choose a conversion site for PDF to JPG converter, reliable and authentic. Check out user reviews to find which of the conversion sites provide the best experience and output. Once it is chosen, you need to open it on your desktop, laptop, or mobile screen. Select PDF for conversion The next step after identifying the conversion site is the selection of PDF that you want to convert into JPG format. It can be done by choosing "open files" or "browse files" whichever is present in the conversion site. Some websites even have the option to "drag and drop " the files for conversion along with the "get URL" option if you want to open the document from the link. Authorize a format for output Once the files have been uploaded on the conversion site, you need to authorize the format of the output. This format is the type in which the user wants to convert the PDF. Select the option of JPG under image conversions to convert the document from PDF to JPG. Choose the medium of download It may take a few seconds to get the documents converted into JPG, depending upon the length and size of the PDF. Many conversion websites have a bar on the extent that is permissible to be converted by. It is not so with the PDF to JPG converter. Select the number of pages for conversion Before the conversion gets started, you will get the option of selecting the pages that you want to convert. Two choices regarding this are available as - 'convert all pages' and 'extract single images.' You can tap on any of the icons as per your suitability to get the JPG. Download the converted files in the selected format Once the download is complete, you are good to go. There is an option available for direct download in the system or email it to your ID. You can get the converted JPG images in a Zip file also to keep them intact together. All these steps can help you to begin well with a PDF to JPG converter and learn more such techniques on the internet. Read Also: Top Five Alternatives to MegaUpload in 2016 Popular Apps for Downloading HD Videos